Malignant ureteral obstruction is not rare among cancer patients, with a cumulative incidence of 4.4 % in advanced cases (Coleman and Walther 2005). While pel vic genitourinary malignancies such as ovarian, cervical, bladder, and prostate cancer (PCa) are the most common causes of malignant ureteral obstruction (70 %), retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy secondary to lymphoma, and germ cell cancer are not uncommon (Holden et al. 1979). Obstruction may result from intramural tumor growth, extramural compression, or from retroperitoneal fibrosis secondary to cancer treatment (Montana and Fowler 1989). Approximately 2.5 % of women who undergo definitive radiation treatment for cervical cancer will develop ureteral obstruction (McIntyre et al. 1995).
Was this article helpful?
Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.