ATLS Manual (2004a) Advanced trauma life support for doctors, 7th edn. American College of Surgeons, Chicago, pp 18, 76

ATLS Manual (2004b) Advanced trauma life support for doctors, 7th edn. American College of Surgeons, Chicago, p 80 Baker SP, O'Neill B, Haddon W Jr et al (1974) The injury severity score: a method for describing patients with multiple injuries and evaluating emergency care. J Trauma 14:187 Balthazar EJ (1994) For suspected small-bowel obstruction and an equivocal plain film, should we perform CT or a small-bowel series? AJR Am J Roentgenol 163:1260 Bohner H, Yang Q, Franke C et al (1998) Simple data from history and physical examination help to exclude bowel obstruction and to avoid radiographic studies in patients with acute abdominal pain. Eur J Surg 164:777 Catalano O, Nunziata A, Altei F et al (2002) Suspected ureteral colic: primary helical CT versus selective helical CT after un-enhanced radiography and sonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol 178:379

Close RJ, Sachs CJ, Dyne PL (2001) Reliability of bimanual pelvic examinations performed in emergency departments. West J Med 175:240 Dalla Palma L (2001) What is left of i.v. urography? Eur Radiol 11:931

Deck AJ, Shaves S, Talner L et al (2000) Computerized tomography cystography for the diagnosis of traumatic bladder rupture. J Urol 164:43 Eskelinen M, Ikonen J, Lipponen P (1998) Usefulness of history-taking, physical examination and diagnostic scoring in acute renal colic. Eur Urol 34:467 Fielding JR, Steele G, Fox LA et al (1997) Spiral computerized tomography in the evaluation of acute flank pain: a replacement for excretory urography. J Urol 157:2071 Fowler KA, Locken JA, Duchesne JH et al (2002) US for detecting renal calculi with nonenhanced CT as a reference standard. Radiology 222:109 Grosse A, Grosse CA, Mauermann J et al (2005) [Imaging techniques and their impact in treatment management of patients with acute flank pain]. Radiologe 45:871 Haddad MC, Sharif HS, Shahed MS et al (1992) Renal colic: diagnosis and outcome. Radiology 184:83 Hamm M, Knopfle E, Wartenberg S et al (2002) Low dose unen-hanced helical computerized tomography for the evaluation of acute flank pain. J Urol 167:1687 Heinz-Peer G, Helbich T (2001) [Urological and nephrological emergency-value of diagnostic imaging]. Wien Med Wo-chenschr 151:560 Hirsch AT, Haskal ZJ, Hertzer NR et al (2006) ACC/AHA 2005 Practice Guidelines for the management of patients with peripheral arterial disease (lower extremity, renal, mesenteric, and abdominal aortic): a collaborative report from the American Association for Vascular Surgery/Society for Vascular Surgery, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society for Vascular Medicine and Biology, Society of Interventional Radiology, and the ACC/AHA Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Peripheral Arterial Disease): endorsed by the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; Society for Vascular Nursing; TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus; and Vascular Disease Foundation. Circulation 113:e463 Jou WW, Powers RD (1998) Utility of dipstick urinalysis as a guide to management of adults with suspected infection or hematuria. South Med J 91:266 Karmazyn B, Steinberg R, Kornreich L et al (2005) Clinical and sonographic criteria of acute scrotum in children: a retrospective study of 172 boys. Pediatr Radiol 35:302 Kawashima A, Sandler CM, Corl FM et al (2001) Imaging of renal trauma: a comprehensive review. Radiographics 21:557 Lachs MS, Nachamkin I, Edelstein PH et al (1992) Spectrum bias in the evaluation of diagnostic tests: lessons from the rapid dipstick test for urinary tract infection. Ann Intern Med 117:135

Lammers RL, Gibson S, Kovacs D et al (2001) Comparison of test characteristics of urine dipstick and urinalysis at various test cutoff points. Ann Emerg Med 38:505 Leman P (2002) Validity of urinalysis and microscopy for detecting urinary tract infection in the emergency department. Eur J Emerg Med 9:141 Levine JA,Neitlich J, VergaM et al (1997) Ureteral calculi inpatients with flank pain: correlation of plain radiography with unenhanced helical CT. Radiology 204:27 Liu W, Esler SJ, Kenny BJ et al (2000) Low-dose nonenhanced helical CT of renal colic: assessment of ureteric stone detection and measurement of effective dose equivalent. Radiology 215:51

Lynch TH, Martinez-Pineiro L, Plas E et al (2005) EAU guidelines on urological trauma. Eur Urol 47:1 Miller OF, Rineer SK, Reichard SR et al (1998) Prospective comparison of unenhanced spiral computed tomography and intravenous urogram in the evaluation of acute flank pain. Urology 52:982 Montague DK, Jarow J, Broderick GA et al (2003) American Urological Association guideline on the management of priapism. J Urol 170:1318 Moore EE, Shackford SR, Pachter HL et al (1989) Organ injury scaling: spleen, liver, and kidney. J Trauma 29:1664 Mutgi A, Williams JW, Nettleman M (1991) Renal colic. Utility of the plain abdominal roentgenogram. Arch Intern Med 151:1589

Niall O, Russell J, MacGrego, R et al (1999) A comparison of noncontrast computerized tomography with excretory ur-ography in the assessment of acute flank pain. J Urol 161:534 Nicolaisen GS, McAninch JW, Marshall GA et al (1985) Renal trauma: re-evaluation of the indications for radiographic assessment. J Urol 133:183 Nolte-Ernsting CC, Tacke J, Adam GB et al (2001) Diuretic-enhanced gadolinium excretory MR urography: comparison of conventional gradient-echo sequences and echo-planar imaging. Eur Radiol 11:18 Reiter WJ, Schon-Pernerstorfer H, Dorfinger K et al (1999) Frequency of urolithiasis in individuals seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus treated with indinavir is higher than previously assumed. J Urol 161:1082 Sandhu C, Anson KM, Patel U (2003a) Urinary tract stones:

Part II: current status of treatment. Clin Radiol 58:422 Sandhu C, Anson KM, Patel U (2003b) Urinary tract stones: Part I: role of radiological imaging in diagnosis and treatment planning. Clin Radiol 58:415 Sheafor DH, Hertzberg BS, Freed KS et al (2000) Nonenhanced helical CT and US in the emergency evaluation of patients with renal colic: prospective comparison. Radiology 217:792 Simerville JA, Maxted Wc, Pahira JJ (2005) Urinalysis: a comprehensive review. Am Fam Physician 71:1153 Van den Berg JC, de Valois JC, Go PM et al (1999) Detection of groin hernia with physical examination, ultrasound, and MRI compared with laparoscopic findings. Invest Radiol 34:739

Venkatasubramaniam AK, Mehta T, Chetter IC et al (2004) The value of abdominal examination in the diagnosis of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 27:56 Weatherall M, Harwood M (2002) The accuracy of clinical assessment of bladder volume. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 83:1300

Baby Sleeping

Baby Sleeping

Everything You Need To Know About Baby Sleeping. Your baby is going to be sleeping a lot. During the first few months, your baby will sleep for most of theday. You may not get any real interaction, or reactions other than sleep and crying.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment