DNA extraction from mummified tissues is carried out using either organic solvents (such as phenol/chloroform) or nonorganic solvents (salt) to remove proteins. The amount of DNA retained in the mummy is assumed to be minute and degraded, so several modification methods are applied so as to achieve efficient extraction. The representative methods are described here. The sample size is determined depending on the degree of degradation and the amount of retained DNA in the mummified tissues.
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