Biochipmicroarrays For Personalized Medicine

Biochips play an important role in the development of personalized medicine. Various applications are:[6]

• For storage of the patient's genomic information

• SNP genotyping

• Genetic screening for detection of mutations

• Gene expression profiling

• Diagnosis and prognosis of cancer

• In drug safety for pharmacogenetics and toxicoge-nomic studies

• Monitoring of pathogens and resistance in infections

• Stratification of patients in clinical trials

Protein chips will be particularly useful for clinical implementation of personalized medicine. Profiling proteins on biochips will be useful for distinguishing the proteins of normal cells from early-stage cancer cells, and from malignant metastatic cancer cells. In comparison with the DNA microarrays, the protein microarrays/chips

Personalized Medicine

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