Sources of Error

As mentioned in Sect. 6.4 of this chapter, major sources of error may include the common assumption of a straightforward signal change - contrast agent concentration relationship and of a standard arterial input function. Other factors that can significantly affect both the accuracy and the precision of kinetic modelling results include the blood haematocrit, contrast agent relaxivity, errors in T1 measurement, image artefact, in particular those caused by motion, model over-simplification and...

Hepatobiliary Contrast Agents

Hepatobiliary contrast agents utilise hepatic excretion mechanisms to produce hepatocyte uptake and biliary excretion of paramagnetic ions by binding them to appropriate ligands. Two agents, Mangafo-dipir trisodium (Mn-DPDP, Teslascan) and Gado-benate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA, Multihance) are commercially available and a third, gadoxetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA, Eovist) is in phase III clinical trials (see Tables 14.1 and 14.2). Mangafodipir is the first manganese complex that has been used as contrast...

References

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