Termites As Pests

Some termites are destructive feeders and consume homes, other wooden structures, and agricultural crops. In some regions of the world, tunneling by termites damages dams, which then results in flooding. Worldwide, several billion dollars is spent annually for the control and repair of damage caused by termites. In the United States alone, over $1 billion is spent annually for termite control and damage repairs. Globally, subterranean termites (Rhinotermitidae: genera Reticulitermes, Coptotermes, Heterotermes, and Psammotermes) are the most responsible for the control and damage costs. Dry-wood termites (Kalotermitidae: genera Incisitermes and Cryptotermes) have lesser importance as structural pests and are more prevalent in coastal, arid, or semiarid regions. Termites as agricultural pests are confined primarily to the Asia, Africa, South America, and Australia. The major pest species belong to the genera Microtermes, Macrotermes, and Odontotermes (Termitidae) in Africa and Indo-Malaysia. Mastotermes (Mastotermitidae) is an important pest in Australia, whereas Cornitermes and Procornitermes (Termitidae) are important pests in South America. Damage varies from superficial to killing the plant. Healthy plants can tolerate some termite damage with reduced yields. In general, exotic plants and stressed plants are most prone to termite attack.

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Oplan Termites

Oplan Termites

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