Societal Growth

In 1956, Curtis Sabrosky published a near-exhaustive list of entomological societies that had existed and/or were still in existence. By 1956, at least 70 entomological societies had begun, blossomed (or not), and then faded away. That year, there were 96 active regional or national entomological societies (not counting those devoted to applied aspects such as apiculture or pest control). Only 10 specialty societies, devoted to a taxonomic group or some other special, non-applied aspect, were listed: 3 devoted to Coleoptera (in Austria, the United States, and Japan), 4 for Lepidoptera (3 in Japan and 1 in the United States), and 1 international society for the study of social insects. The post-1956 period has seen a huge development of specialty societies. Today, there are at least 92 specialty societies (including 1 for conservation of invertebrates in general and 1 devoted to young entomologists). There has been increased worldwide interest in Lepidoptera; at least 22 new societies formed in the period from 1970 to 1999. Although there are specialty societies devoted to at least nine orders of insects, the majority are devoted to just three: Coleoptera (12), Lepidoptera (39), and Odonata (12). In addition, regular international symposia are held on other, smaller orders (for example, Trichoptera and Ephemeroptera). Just as improved optics (binoculars, spotting scopes, cameras) and better field guides stimulated the mid-20th century interest in bird-watching, similar improvements in entomological materials (for example, a recent series of books on identifying butterflies and dragonflies with binoculars) have made Lepidoptera and, more recently, Odonata popular subjects of observation and interest to larger numbers of people, who in turn have formed many new entomological societies devoted to their insect passions.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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