Other Aspects Of Modern Hive Beekeeping World Spread of A mellifera

In the early 1600s the bees were taken by sailing ship across the Atlantic from England to North America. They would have been in skeps (inverted baskets made of coiled straw), which were then used as hives. The first hives were probably landed in Virginia. The bees flourished and spread by swarming, and other colonies were taken later. By 1800 there were colonies in some 25 of the areas that are now U.S. states, and by 1850 in a further 7. The bees were kept in fixed-comb hives (skeps, logs, boxes).

The bees may possibly have been taken from Spain to Mexico in the late 1500s, but they reached other countries later: e.g., St. Kitts-Nevis in 1720, Canada in 1776, Australia in 1822, and New Zealand and South America in 1839. They were taken later to Hawaii (1857) and Greenland (1950).

In Asian countries where A. cerana was used for beekeeping, A. mellifera was introduced at the same time as movable-frame hives. Some probable dates of introduction were 1875-1876 in Japan, 1880s in India, 1896 in China, and 1908 in Vietnam.

Between 1850 and 1900 there was widespread activity among beekeepers in testing the suitability of different races ofA. mellifera for hive beekeeping. The most favored race was Italian (A. m. ligustica), named from Liguria on the west coast of Italy, south of Genoa.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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