Muscle Attachments

The muscles that act on the exoskeleton are connected to the basal surface of the epidermal cells by means of desmosomes. The muscular forces are transferred through the cells by a rich array of microtubules, running in parallel from the basal to the apical surface of the cells, where they attach to tonofil-aments stretching into the cuticular material. The muscles are often attached to infoldings of the exoskeleton, the apodemes, which can stretch deep into the body of the insect, allowing larger muscles to act on the same skeletal region.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Bee Keeping

Bee Keeping

Make money with honey How to be a Beekeeper. Beekeeping can be a fascinating hobby or you can turn it into a lucrative business. The choice is yours. You need to know some basics to help you get started. The equipment needed to be a beekeeper. Where can you find the equipment you need? The best location for the hives. You can't just put bees in any spot. What needs to be considered when picking the location for your bees?

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment