Honey bees mate in flight; the process has been studied in detail in A. mellifera, and involves three stages. A queen flies out when only a few days old, and drones that are flying in the area, attracted by the pheromones she produces, follow her. If a drone succeeds in clasping the queen with his legs,
his endophallus is everted and mating occurs. When they separate, part of his genitalia remains in the queen, and he falls away and dies. She may mate more than once (usually on the same flight), and the semen she receives is stored in her spermatheca for use throughout her egg-laying life.
The main component of the pheromone attracting drones to the queen seems to be the same for all Apis species (9-oxo-trans-decenoic acid). In an area with more than one species, reproductive isolation can be achieved if the drones of different species fly at different times of day.
Was this article helpful?
Companies that have beekeeping stuff deal with all the equipment that is required for this business, like attire for bee keeping which is essential from head to torso, full body suits and just head gear. Along with this equipment they also sell journals and books on beekeeping to help people to understand this field better. Some of the better known beekeeping companies have been in the business for more than a hundred years.