Marine horseshoe crabs and extinct sea scorpions

Class Arachnida

-76,000 (550)

Spiders, scorpions, and mites

Class Pycnogonida

1,000 (8+)

Sea spiders

Subphylum Myriapoda

13,000 (140+)

Terrestrial millipedes, centipedes, and others

Class Chilopoda

3,000 (20)

Predaceous centipedes

Class Symphyla

160 (2)

Small (1—8 mm), mostly herbivorous; live in forest litter

Class Diplopoda

10,000 (120)


Class Pauropoda

500 (5)

Minute (< 1.5 mm) dwellers in forest litter

Subphylum Hexapoda

1-4 million

Insects, springtails, bristletails, etc.

Class Ellipura


Wingless, entognathous (orders Protura and Collembola, or springtails)

Class Diplura

800 (9)

Blind, wingless inhabitants of forest litter; entognaths

Class Insecta

1-4 million species

Winged and wingless insects; all adults with six pairs of legs

Subclass Apterygota

600 (5)

Primitive, wingless insects (order Thysanura with bristletails and silverfish)

Subclass Pterygota

-1 million+ (906)

Mostly winged insects (grasshoppers, true bugs, beetles, flies, butterflies, ants, etc.)

Subphylum Crustacea


Shrimp, crabs, waterfleas, barnacles, copepods, etc.

Class Cephalocarida

9 (2)

Primitive; live in soft marine sediments

Class Malacostraca

29,000 (103)

Crabs, water scuds, isopods, mantis shrimp, etc.

Class Branchiopoda

1,000 (29)

(= Phyllopoda) water fleas and brine, clam, pea, and tadpole shrimp

Class Ostracoda

6,650 (46+)

Seed shrimp enclosed in a bivalved chitinous carapace

Class Mystacocarida

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Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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