Honeydew As A Kairomone

The smell or taste of honeydew on the plant surface is used as cues by various predators and parasitoids of homopterans to locate their hemipteran prey or, for reproductive females, as a stimulus for oviposition. This has led to the use of "artificial honeydew" sugar sprays onto crops to increase the numbers and effectiveness of natural enemies.

See Also the Following Articles

Aphids • Auchenorrhyncha • Food, Insects as • Sternorryncha Further Reading

Budenberg, W. J. (1990). Honeydew as a contact kairomone for aphid parasitoids. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 55, 139-148. Douglas, A. E. (1998). Nutritional interactions in insect—microbial symbioses: Aphids and their symbiotic bacteria Buchnera. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 43, 17—37. Kiss, A. (1981). Melizitose, aphids and ants. Oikos 37, 382. Mittler, T. E. (1958). The excretion of honeydew by Tuberolachnus salignus

(Gmelin). Proc. R. Entomol. Soc. (London) A 33, 49—55. Mittler, T. E. (1958). Studies on the feeding and nutrition of Tuberolachnus salignus (Gmelin). II. The nitrogen and sugar composition of ingested phloem sap and excreted honeydew. J. Exp. Biol. 35, 74—84.

Molyneux, R. J., Campbell, B. C., and Dreyer, D. L. (1990). Honeydew analysis for detecting phloem transport of plant natural products. J. Chem. Ecol. 16, 1899-1909.

Owen, D. F., and Wiegert, R. G. (1976). Do consumers maximize plant fitness? Oikos 27, 488-492.

Stadler, B., Michalzik, B., and Muller, T. (1998). Linking aphid ecology with nutrient fluxes in a coniferous forest. Ecology 79, 1514—1525.

Wackers, F. L. (2000). Do oligosaccharides reduce the suitability of honeydew for predators and parasitoids? A further facet to the function of insect-synthesized honeydew sugars. Oikos 90, 197—201.

Way, M. J. (1963). Mutualism between ants and honey dew-producing Homoptera. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 8, 307—344.

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Bee Keeping

Make money with honey How to be a Beekeeper. Beekeeping can be a fascinating hobby or you can turn it into a lucrative business. The choice is yours. You need to know some basics to help you get started. The equipment needed to be a beekeeper. Where can you find the equipment you need? The best location for the hives. You can't just put bees in any spot. What needs to be considered when picking the location for your bees?

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