Genetic Variation

George K. Roderick

University of California, Berkeley

The genome, the entire collection of an organism's genetic material, provides the blueprint containing information that dictates all biological forms and functions. Without change, this blueprint would be passed identically to future generations, preserving past genetic structures that have proven to be successful, but also constraining potential future adaptation to new situations. Only when genetic variability is present can processes such as selection, genetic drift, and migration act to change the frequencies of genetic variants and in so doing allow evolution that may lead to adaptation and ultimately even speciation. Thus, understanding genetic variation—its origins, maintenance, and pattern of change— is critical to understanding the diversity of life.

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Bee Keeping

Bee Keeping

Make money with honey How to be a Beekeeper. Beekeeping can be a fascinating hobby or you can turn it into a lucrative business. The choice is yours. You need to know some basics to help you get started. The equipment needed to be a beekeeper. Where can you find the equipment you need? The best location for the hives. You can't just put bees in any spot. What needs to be considered when picking the location for your bees?

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