Family Tettigarctidae

The family Tettigarctidae includes the other two extant species, Tettigarcta crinita and T. tomentosa, both found only in Australia. This family also includes 13 genera known from Cenozoic fossils.

The Tettigarctidae differ from other cicadas in several features. Most notable is the presence of tymbals in both sexes, but instead of producing airborne songs, they create low-level vibrations of the substrate below the adult. These substrate vibrations are detected by sensory empodia between the claws on all legs; the tympana used for hearing in other cicadas are lacking.

See Also the Following Articles

Auchenorrhyncha • Hearing • Sternorrhyncha • Vibrational Communication

Further Reading

Boer, A. J., de (1995). Islands and cicadas adrift in the west-Pacific. Biogeographic patterns related to plate tectonics. Tijdschr. Entomol. 138, 169-244.

Boer, A. J., de, and Duffels, J. P. (1996). Historical biogeography of the cicadas of Wallacea, New Guinea and the West Pacific: A geotectonic explanation. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimato. Palaeoecol. 124, 153-177. Claridge, M. F. (1985). Acoustic signals in the Homoptera: Behaviour, taxonomy, and evolution. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 30, 297-317. Kato, M. (1956). The Biology of the Cicadas [Bulletin of the Cicadidae Museum]. Iwasaki Shoten, Jinbocho Kanda, Tokyo. [In Japanese; headings, subheadings, captions and index in English. Facsimile reprint, 1981, Scientist Inc., Japan.] Duffels, J. P. (1988). The cicadas of the Fiji, Samoa and Tonga Islands, their taxonomy and biogeography (Homoptera, Cicadoidea). Entomonograph 10, 1-108.

Duffels, J. P., and van der Laan, P. A. (1985). "Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Homoptera, Auchenorhyncha) 1956-1980," Series Entomologica, Vol. 34. Junk, Dordrecht, Netherlands.

Metcalf, Z. P. (1963). "General Catalogue of the Homoptera," Fasc. 8, Cicadoidea. Part 1, Cicadidae. Part 2, Tibicinidae. [Species index by Virginia Wade, 1964.] University of North Carolina State College, Raleigh.

Moulds, M. S. (1990). "Australian Cicadas." New South Wales University Press, Kensington, Australia.

Moulton, J. C. (1923). Cicadas of Malaysia. J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 11, 69-182, pls. 1-5.

Williams, K. S., and Simon, C. (1995). The ecology, behaviour, and evolution of periodical cicadas. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 40, 269-295.

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