The family Tettigarctidae includes the other two extant species, Tettigarcta crinita and T. tomentosa, both found only in Australia. This family also includes 13 genera known from Cenozoic fossils.
The Tettigarctidae differ from other cicadas in several features. Most notable is the presence of tymbals in both sexes, but instead of producing airborne songs, they create low-level vibrations of the substrate below the adult. These substrate vibrations are detected by sensory empodia between the claws on all legs; the tympana used for hearing in other cicadas are lacking.
See Also the Following Articles
Auchenorrhyncha • Hearing • Sternorrhyncha • Vibrational Communication
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