Composition And Properties Of Honey

The composition of honey varies according to its plant origin and the weather conditions when the honey was produced. An analysis of 490 U.S. honeys gave an average of 69.5% fructose + glucose, 8.8% other sugars, 17.2% water, and small amounts of free acids, lactones, ash, and nitrogen.

The color of fresh honey varies with plant source, and honeys become darker during storage, especially at high temperatures. The color of liquid honey is important in marketing, and a number of countries have established systems for color grading.

Crystallization of honey (often referred to as granulation) is of great importance. It is a reversible process that changes liquid (run) honey into solid (set) honey, and it consists of the spontaneous crystallization of glucose (dextrose) monohydrate from a supersaturated solution. In Europe, liquid honey has been preferred, and honey from R. pseudoacacia—which rarely granulates—is favored; on the other hand, in Canada granulated honey is the norm, possibly because a common source is alfalfa (Medicago sativa), and its honey granulates rapidly.

The aroma and flavor of a sample of honey depend on its plant source, and beekeepers learn to recognize the plant origins of the honeys their bees produce. Honey processed for sale on the mass market is usually blended to maintain a constant product.

Bee Keeping

Bee Keeping

Make money with honey How to be a Beekeeper. Beekeeping can be a fascinating hobby or you can turn it into a lucrative business. The choice is yours. You need to know some basics to help you get started. The equipment needed to be a beekeeper. Where can you find the equipment you need? The best location for the hives. You can't just put bees in any spot. What needs to be considered when picking the location for your bees?

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