Borers

Timothy D. Paine

University of California, Riverside

Insects that are borers belong to a wide range of taxonomic groups, but they all share a common life history trait: they spend all or part of their larval life feeding within the tissues of their host plant. Some borer species deposit eggs within host plant tissues, whereas other species oviposit on the external surface and the larvae bore into the plant. Although there may be some feeding activity within the phloem and cambial tissues the larvae typically excavate feeding galleries within the woody tissues of perennial plants, within the stems of annual plants, and within the stalks or stems of grasses. Adult borers are free-living outside the host plant.

Bee Keeping

Bee Keeping

Make money with honey How to be a Beekeeper. Beekeeping can be a fascinating hobby or you can turn it into a lucrative business. The choice is yours. You need to know some basics to help you get started. The equipment needed to be a beekeeper. Where can you find the equipment you need? The best location for the hives. You can't just put bees in any spot. What needs to be considered when picking the location for your bees?

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