Biological Control

Biological control uses predators, parasitoids, and pathogens to reduce an insect pest's population to an acceptable level. Because primary parasitoids are considered beneficial, hyperparasitoids may interfere with such programs. It has been the policy in biological control to exclude "exotic" (nonindigenous) obligate hyperparasitoids by enforcing quarantine procedures during importation. It is less easy to decide what to do with "exotic" facultative hyperparasitoids when no exclusively primary parasitoids are available, and so perhaps admitting these could be beneficial. Such dilemmas are evaluated with caution, and the solution depends on the seriousness of the insect pest problem. On the other hand, "indigenous" hyperparasitoids (whether obligate or facultative) already exist in the ecosystem and may or may not interfere with the beneficial "exotic" primary parasitoid.

Bee Keeping

Bee Keeping

Make money with honey How to be a Beekeeper. Beekeeping can be a fascinating hobby or you can turn it into a lucrative business. The choice is yours. You need to know some basics to help you get started. The equipment needed to be a beekeeper. Where can you find the equipment you need? The best location for the hives. You can't just put bees in any spot. What needs to be considered when picking the location for your bees?

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