DRG Category: Mean LOS: Description:

of hepatitis are self-limiting and resolve without complications. Hospitalization is required only when symptoms are severe, persistent, or debilitating. Approximately 20% of acute hepatitis B and 50% of hepatitis C cases progress to a chronic state. In Americans, 5% to 10% of patients with hepatitis have hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections. In third world countries, the rates are much higher.

The most serious complication of hepatitis is fulminant hepatitis, which occurs in approximately 1% of all patients and leads to liver failure and hepatic encephalopathy and, in some, to death within 2 weeks of onset. Other complications include a syndrome that resembles serum sickness (muscle and joint pain, rash, angioedema), as well as cirrhosis, pancreatitis, myocarditis, aplastic anemia, or peripheral neuropathy.

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