The Dietary Reference Intakes DRIs

We all need the same nutrients, but the amounts we need depend on our age, sex, and a few other factors. For example, women who are pregnant or breastfeeding need more of most nutrients. The Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, a group of nutritional scientists from the United States and Canada, has established the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs), a set of recommendations for nutrient intake. The DRIs are age- and sex-specific. With the exception...

Pharmaceutical Use Of Ergotis Teff

Hominy is the starchy endosperm of maize (corn) kernels. It can be thought of as the naked kernels that remain after the tough hull (pericarp) and oily germ have been removed. The hull is removed by soaking corn kernels in water mixed with lime, lye, or wood ashes. This process not only loosens the hulls but also unbinds the vitamin niacin and makes it absorbable in the digestive tract. In its dry form, hominy is sold either cracked (samp) or ground (grits). Hominy also is sold canned and ready...

School Age Children Ages 6 to

The increasing independence of a school-age child may be a welcome contrast to the constant demands of a preschooler. By early school age, a child should be well on the way to establishing healthful eating habits and regular physical activity to maintain a healthful weight. A normal school-age child will gain about 7 pounds a year, and his or her height will increase by approximately 2.5 inches a year. As children approach their teen years, boys and girls differ distinctly in growth patterns....

Uses

Bitter melons are available fresh from April through September in Asian markets and also are sold canned or dried. They can be refrigerated in a plastic bag for up to a week. When buying bitter melons, choose green ones if a less bitter taste is desired or yellow ones for a stronger, more bitter flavor. Before it is cooked, the fruit should be cut lengthwise to remove the seeds and the surrounding white fibers. The skin can be either left intact or removed. Bitter melons are always cooked...

Soybeans

If the only soy in your diet comes from the soy sauce you sprinkle on chow mein, you may be missing out on more than just a tasty and versatile food. Soy is an inexpensive way to add protein to your diet and may also help reduce fat when substituted for meat in traditional dishes. Soy products come from the soybean, a legume native to northern China. The United States now produces much of the world's soybeans. There are more than 1,000 varieties of soybeans. They range in size from a pea to a...

Ongin botanical facts

The tamarind, also known as Indian date, is one of the few fruits native to Africa that is enjoyed in the cuisines of many other continents. In China, it is called Asam koh in Vietnam, it is called Me in France, Tamarin in Cambodia, Ampil khui or tum in Thailand, Mak kham and in Italy and Spain, Tamarindo. Although the tamarind is native to tropical Africa and grows wild throughout the Sudan, the fruit has been cultivated in India for centuries. During the 16th century, the fruit was brought to...

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More grapes are grown than any other fruit in the world. These popular berries are produced in thousands of varieties, growing in clusters on climbing vines and low shrubs throughout most of the world's temperate zones. Grapes have juicy, sweet flesh and smooth skins that range from pale yellowish green to purplish black. Family Vitaceae Scientific name Vitis species Common name grapes The thousands of varieties of grapes can be divided into two basic types European (Vitis vinifem) and American...

Fats

It's difficult to read a newspaper or listen to the evening news without hearing something new about fat and its connection with disease. Diets that are high in fat are strongly associated with an increased prevalence of obesity and an increased risk of developing coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, and certain types of cancer. Health authorities recommend that we reduce our total fat intake to about 30 percent of total calories. They also recommend that we limit...

Beef

Beef comes from the adult bovine, including cows (females that have had a calf), steers (males castrated when very young), heifers (females that have not been bred), and bulls younger than 2 years. Beef from Consumers in a growing number of states can now purchase irradiated hamburger at the supermarket. So what does irradiated mean, and should you buy the meat Irradiation is simply the name given to a process that uses radiation or electricity to kill disease-causing organisms (pathogens) in...

Fish and Shellfish Allergies

Seafood is a common source of food allergies. About 250,000 Americans experience allergic reactions to fish and shellfish each year. People with seafood allergies can have symptoms that range from mild to life-threatening. Even tiny amounts of fish substances can trigger a reaction in some people. What's more, these allergies are rarely outgrown. Examples of shellfish that are common causes of allergic reactions include shrimp, crab, lobster, oyster, clam, scallop, mussel, and squid. Fish that...

Migraines and Cheese

Migraines, also called vascular headaches, are thought to involve blood vessels in the brain, although the exact cause is unknown. Some cheeses contain a naturally occurring compound called tyramine, which, in susceptible people, can cause an increase in blood pressure, an increase in the size of blood vessels in the brain, and headache pain. For people who take drugs called monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), avoidance of all foods containing tyramine including aged cheeses is essential....