The hypothalamus and pituitary gland

The pituitary gland increases in weight by 30% in first pregnancies and by 50% subsequently. The number of lactotrophs is increased and plasma prolactin begins to rise within a few days of conception and by term may be 10-20 times as high as in the non-pregnant woman; the secretion of other anterior pituitary hormones is unchanged or reduced. Human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) and the gonadotrophins share a common a-subunit, and the rapidly rising hCG suppresses secretion of both follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone, thus inhibiting ovarian follicle development by a blunting of response to gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH). Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) secretion responds normally to hypothalamic thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH; also synthesized in the placenta). Adrenocorti-cotropic hormone (ACTH) concentrations rise during pregnancy, partly because of placental synthesis of ACTH and of a corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) and do not respond to normal control mechanisms.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Getting Back Into Shape After The Pregnancy

Getting Back Into Shape After The Pregnancy

Once your pregnancy is over and done with, your baby is happily in your arms, and youre headed back home from the hospital, youll begin to realize that things have only just begun. Over the next few days, weeks, and months, youre going to increasingly notice that your entire life has changed in more ways than you could ever imagine.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment