The formation of cell columns does not result in a complete trophoblastic shell but rather in separated columns from which extravillous trophoblast cells invade maternal uterine tissues (Fig. 3.3). These cells migrate as interstitial trophoblast into the endometrial stroma, while a subset of the interstitial trophoblast further penetrates the wall of the uterine spiral arteries (intramural trophoblast), finally reaching the vessels' lumen (endovascular trophoblast) (Fig. 3.3). Some of the interstitial trophoblast cells fuse and generate the multinucleated trophoblast giant cells (Fig. 3.4) at the boundary between the endometrium and myometrium.
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Once your pregnancy is over and done with, your baby is happily in your arms, and youre headed back home from the hospital, youll begin to realize that things have only just begun. Over the next few days, weeks, and months, youre going to increasingly notice that your entire life has changed in more ways than you could ever imagine.