1. Simms I, Rogers P & Charlett A (1999) The rate of diagnosis and demography of pelvic inflammatory disease in general practice: England and Wales. Int J STD AIDS 10,448-51.

2. Ness RB, Hillier SL, Richter HE, Soper DE, Stamm C, Bass DC et al. (2003) Why women douche and why they may or may not stop. Sex Transm Dis 30(1), 71-4.

3. Ness RB (2004) Bacterial vaginosis as a cause of PID. BASHH Conference, Bath.

4. Yeh JM, Hook III EW & Goldie SJ (2003) A refined estimate of the average lifetime cost of pelvic inflammatory disease. Sex Transm Dis 30(5), 369-78.

5. Bevan CD, Ridgway GL & Rothermel CD (2003) Efficacy and safety of azithromycin as monotherapy or combined with metronidazole compared with two standard multidrug regimens for the treatment of acute pelvic inflammatory disease. J Int Med Res 31(1), 45-54.

6. Eschenbach DA (1976) Acute pelvic inflammatory disease: etiology, risk factors and pathogenesis. Clin Obstet Gynecol 19,147-69.

7. Cohen CR, Manhart LE, Bukusi EA, Astete S, Brunham RC, Holmes KK et al. (2002) Association between Mycoplasma genitalium and acute endometritis. Lancet 359(9308), 765-6.

8. Taylor-Robinson D, Furr PM, Tully JG, Barile MF & Moller BR (1987) Animal models of Mycoplasma genitalium urogenital infection. Isr J Med Sci 23(6), 561-4.

9. Mardh PA (1980) An overview of infectious agents of salpingitis, their biology, and recent advances in methods of detection. Am J Obstet Gynecol 138(7 Pt 2), 933-51.

10. Hillis SD, Joesoef R, Marchbanks PA et al. (1993) Delayed care of pelvic inflammatory disease as a risk factor for impaired fertility. Am J Obstet Gynecol 168(5), 1503-9.

11. Svensson L, Westrom L, Ripa KT & Mardh PA (1980) Differences in some clinical and laboratory parameters in acute salpingitis related to culture and serologic findings. Am J Obstet Gynecol 138(7 Pt 2), 1017-21.

12. Peipert JF, Ness RB, Soper DE & Bass D (2000) Association of lower genital tract inflammation with objective evidence of endometritis. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 8(2), 83-7.

13. Molander P, Finne P, Sjoberg J, Sellors J & Paavonen J (2003) Observer agreement with laparoscopic diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease using photographs. Obstet Gynecol 101, 875-80.

14. Kiviat NB, Wolner-Hanssen P, Eschenbach DA et al. (1990) Endometrial histopathology in patients with culture-proved upper genital tract infection and laparoscopically diagnosed acute salpingitis. Am J Surg Pathol 14(2), 167-75.

15. Domeika M, Domeika K, Paavonen J, Mardh PA & Witkin SS (1998) Humoral immune response to conserved epitopes of Chlamydia trachomatis and human 60-kDa heat-shock protein in women with pelvic inflammatory disease. J Infect Dis 177(3), 714-9.

16. Ness RB, Soper DE, Holley RL et al. (2002) Effectiveness of inpatient and outpatient treatment strategies for women with pelvic inflammatory disease: results from the Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Evaluation and Clinical Health (PEACH) Randomized Trial. Am J Obstet Gynecol 186(5), 929-37.

17. Haggerty CL, Schulz R & Ness RB (2003) Lower quality of life among women with chronic pelvic pain after pelvic inflammatory disease. Obstet Gynecol 102(5), 934-9.

18. Karinen L, Pouta A, Hartikainen A-K & Bloiga A (2004) Association between Chlamydia trachomatis antibodies and subfertility in the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 at the age of 31 years. Epidemiol Infect 132, 977-84.

19. Pavletic A, Wolner-Hanssen PK, Paavonen JA, Hawes SE & Eschenbach DA (1999) Infertility following pelvic inflammatory disease. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 7,145-50.

20. Westrom L & Eschenbach D (1999) Pelvic inflammatory disease. In: Holmes KK, Mardh P-A, Sparling PF, Stamm WE, Piot P & Wasserheit JN (eds) Sexually Transmitted Diseases. New York: McGraw Hill, 783-810.

21. Altunyurt S, Demir N & Posaci C (2003) A randomized controlled trial of coil removal prior to treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 107, 81-4.

22. Soderberg G & Lindgren S (1981) Influence of an intrauterine device on the course of an acute salpingitis. Contraception 24(2), 137-43.

23. Scholes D, Stergachis A, Heidrich FE, Andrilla H, Holmes KK & Stamm WE (1996) Prevention of pelvic inflammatory disease by screening for cervical chlamydial infection. N Engl J Med 334(21), 1362-1366.

24. Washington AE, Gove S, Schachter J & Sweet RL (1985) Oral contraceptives, Chlamydia trachomatis infection, and pelvic inflammatory disease. A word of caution about protection. JAMA 253(15), 2246-50.

25. Morrison CS, Bright P, Wong EL et al. (2004) Hormonal contraceptive use, cervical ectopy, and the acquisition of cervical infections. Sex Transm Dis 31(9), 561-7.

26. Templeton A (1996) Recommendations arising from the 31st Study Group: The Prevention of Pelvic Infection. In: Templeton A, (ed.) The Prevention of Pelvic Infection. London: RCOG Press, 267-270.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Getting Back Into Shape After The Pregnancy

Getting Back Into Shape After The Pregnancy

Once your pregnancy is over and done with, your baby is happily in your arms, and youre headed back home from the hospital, youll begin to realize that things have only just begun. Over the next few days, weeks, and months, youre going to increasingly notice that your entire life has changed in more ways than you could ever imagine.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment