References

Bump To Birth

Natural Childbirth Options

Get Instant Access

1. World Health Organisation (2003) International Classification of Disease. ICD-10. Chapter, XV: 048.

2. Bierman J, Siegel E, French F & Simonian K (1965) Analysis of the outcome of all pregnancies in a community. Am J Obstet Gynecol 91,37-45.

3. Boyce A, Mayaux MJ & Schwartz D (1976) Classical and true gestational postmaturity. Am J Obstet Gynecol 125, 911-3.

4. Butler NR & Bonham DG (1963) Perinatal Mortality. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.

5. Chamberlain R, Chamberlain G, Howlett B & Masters K (1978) British Births 1970, Vol. 2. Obstetric Care. London: Heineman Medical.

6. Smith GC (2001) Use of time to event analysis to estimate the normal duration of human pregnancy. Human Reprod 16, 1497-500.

7. Eik-Nes SH, Okland O, Aure JC & Ulstein M (1984) Ultrasound screening in pregnancy: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 1,1347.

8. Neilson JP (1998) Ultrasound for fetal assessment in early pregnancy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 4, CD000182. DOI 10.1002/14651858CD000182.

9. Bukowski R, Saade G, Malone F, Hankins G & D'Alton M (2001) A decrease in postdate pregnancies is an additional benefit of first trimester screening for aneuploidy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 185(Suppl) S148.

10. Hilder L, Costeole K & Thilaganathan B (1998) Prolonged pregnancy: evaluating gestation-specific risks of fetal and infant mortality. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 105,169-73.

11. Bakketieg LS & Bergsjo P (1989) Post-term pregnancy: magnitude of the problem. In: Chalmers I, Enkin M & Keirse MJNC (eds) Effective Care in Pregnancy and Childbirth, Vol. 1. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 165775.

12. Mogren I, Stenlund H & Hogberg U (1999) Recurrence of prolonged pregnancy. Int J Epidemiol 28, 253-7.

13. Lockwood CJ, Moscarelli RD, Lynch L, Lapinski RH & Ghidini A (1994) Low concentrations of vaginal fetal fibronectin as a predictor of deliveries occurring after 41 weeks. Am J Obstet Gynecol 171,1-4.

14. Ramanathan GYuC, Osei E & Nicolaides KH (2003) Ultrasound examination at 37 weeks' gestation in the prediction of pregnancy outcome: the value of cervical assessment. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 22, 598-603.

15. McLean M, Bisits A, Davies J, Woods R, Lowry P & Smith R (1995) A placental clock controlling the length of human pregnancy. Nat Med 1, 460-3.

16. Buekens P, Delvoie P, Woolast E & Robyn C (1984) Epidemiology of pregnancies with unknown last menstrual period. J Epidemiol Commun Health 38, 79-80.

17. Hall MH & Carr-Hill RA (1985) The significance of uncertain gestation for obstetric outcome. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 92, 452-60.

18. Naeye RL (1978) Causes of perinatal mortality excess in prolonged gestations. Am J Epidemiol 108,429-33.

19. Smith GC (2001) Life-table analysis of the risk of perinatal death at term and post term in singleton pregnancies. Am J Obstet Gynecol 184,489-96.

20. Hilder L, Costeloe K & Thilaganathan B (2000) Prospective risk of stillbirth. Study's results are flawed by reliance on cumulative prospective risk. Br Med J 320,444-5.

21. Yudkin PL, Wood L & Redman CW (1987) Risk of unexplained stillbirth at different gestational ages. Lancet 8543,1192-4.

22. Cotzias CS, Paterson-Brown S & Fisk N (1999) Prospective risk of unexplained stillbirth in singleton pregnancies at term: population based analysis. Br Med J 319,287-8.

23. Yudkin P & Redman CW (2000) Impending fetal death must be identified and pre-empted. Br Med J 320,444.

24. Ingemarsson I & Kallen K (1997) Stillbirths and rate of neonatal deaths in 76,761 postterm pregnancies in Sweden, 1982-91: a register study. Acta Obstetrica Gynecologica Scand 1997, 76, 658-62.

25. Campbell MK, Ostbye T & Irgens LM (1997) Post-term birth, risk factors and outcomes in a 10-year cohort of Norwegian births. Obstet Gynecol 89, 543-8.

26. Bastian H, Keirse MJ & Lancaster PA (1998) Perinatal death associated with planned home birth in Australia: a population based study. Br Med J 317, 384-8.

27. Mehl-Madrona L & Madrona MM (1997) Physician- and midwife-attended home births. Effects of breech, twin, and post-dates outcome data on mortality rates. J Nurse Midwifery 42, 91-8.

28. Caughey AB, Washington AE & Laros RK (2005) Neonatal complications of term pregnancy: rates by gestational age increase in a continuous, not threshold, fashion. Am J Obstet Gynecol 192,185-90.

29. Minchom P, Niswander K, Chalmers I et al. (1987) Antecedents and outcome of very early neonatal seizures in infants born at or after term. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 94, 431-9.

30. Curtis P, Matthews T, Clarke TA et al. (1988) The Dublin Collaborative Seizure Study. Arch Dis Child 63, 1065-8.

31. MacLennan A (1999) A template for defining a causal relation between acute intrapartum events and cerebral palsy: international consensus statement. Br Med J 319, 1054-9.

32. Gaffney G, Flavell V, Johnson A, Squier M & Sellers S (1994) Cerebral palsy and neonatal encephalopathy. Arch Dis Child 70, F195-200.

33. Luckas M, Buckett W & Alfirevic Z (1998) Comparison of outcomes in uncomplicated term and post-term pregnancy following spontaneous labor. J Perinat Med 26,475-9.

34. Crowley P (1980) Non-quantitative estimation of amniotic fluid volume in suspected prolonged pregnancy. J Perinatat Med 8,249-51.

35. Manning FA, Hill LM & Platt LD (1981) Qualitative amniotic fluid volume determination by ultrasound: antepartum detection of intrauterine growth retardation. Am J Obstet Gynaecol 151, 304-8.

36. Chamberlain PF, Manning FA, Morrison I, Harman CR & Lange IR (1984) Ultrasound evaluation of amniotic fluid. 1. The relationship of marginal and decreased amniotic fluid volumes to perinatal outcome. Am J Obstet Gynecol 150 245-9.

Crowley P, O'Herlihy C & Boylan P (1980) The value of ultrasound measurement of amniotic fluid volume in the management of prolonged pregnancies. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 91,444-8.

Fischer RL, McDonnell M, Bianculli RN, Perry RL, Hediger ML & Scholl TO (1993) Amniotic fluid volume estimation in the postdate pregnancy: a comparison of techniques. Obstet Gynecol 81,698-704. Phelan JP, Smith CV, Broussard P & Small M (1987) Amniotic fluid Volume assessment with the four quadrant technique at 36-42 weeks' gestation. J Reprod Med 32, 540-2.

Alfirevic Z & Walkinshaw SA (1995) A randomised controlled trial of simple compared with complex antenatal fetal monitoring after 42 weeks of gestation. Br J Obstet Gynecol 102,638-43.

Morris JM, Thompson K, Smithey J et al. (2003) The usefulness of ultrasound assessment of amniotic fluid in predicting adverse outcome in prolonged pregnancy: a prospective blinded observational study. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 110, 989-94.

Locatelli A, Zagarell A, Toso L, Assi F, Ghidini A & Biffi A (2004) Serial assessment of amniotic fluid index in uncomplicated term pregnancies: prognostic value of amniotic fluid reduction. J Matern Fetal Neonat Medical 15, 233-6.

Chauhan SP, Sanderson M, Hendrix NW, Magann EF & Devoe LD (1999) Perinatal outcome and amniotic fluid index in the antepartum and intrapartum periods: a meta-analysis. Am J Obstet Gynecol 181, 1473-8. Chauhan SP, Magann EF, Morrison JC, Whitowrth NS, Hendrix NW & Devoe LD (1994) Ultrasonographic assessment of amniotic fluid does not reflect actual amniotic fluid Volume. Obstet Gynecol 84, 856-60. Magann EF, Chauhan SP, Barrilleaux PS, Whitworth NS & Martin JN (2000) Amniotic fluid index and single deepest pocket: weak indicators of abnormal amniotic Volumes. Obstet Gynecol 96, 737-40.

Manning F, Morrison J, Lange IR, Harmann CR & Chamberlain PF (1985) Fetal assessment based on fetal biophysical profile. experience in 12,620 referred high-risk pregnancies. 1. Perinatal mortality by frequency and etiology. Am J Obstet Gynecol 151,343-50. Alfirevic Z & Neilson JP (1996) Biophysical profile for fetal assessment in high risk pregnancies. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 1 CD000038. DOI 10.1002/14651858CD000038. Johnson JM, Harman CR, Lange IR & Manning F (1986) Biophysical scoring in the management of the postterm pregnancy. An analysis of 307 patients. Am J Obstet Gynecol 154,269-73.

Hann L, McArdle C & Sachs B (1987) Sonographic biophysical profile in the postdate pregnancy. J Ultrasound Med 6,191-5.

Keegan KA & Paul RH (1980) Antepartum fetal heart rate testing. IV. The non-stress test as the primary approach. Am

J Obstet Gynaecol 136, 75-80.

Mendenhall HW, O'Leary J & Phillips KO (1980) The nonstress test: the value of a single acceleration in evaluating the fetus at risk. Am J Obstet Gynecol 136, 87-91.

52. Pattison N & McCowan L (1999) Cardiotocography for antepartum fetal assessment. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 1, CD001068. DOI 10.1002/14651858CD001068.

53. Miyazaki FS & Miyazaki BA (1981) False reactive nonstress tests in postterm pregnancies. Am J Obstet Gynaecol 140, 269-76.

54. Dawes GS, Moullden M & Redman CWG (1991) System 8000: computerised antenatal FHR analysis. J Perinat Med 19,47-51.

55. Weiner Z, Farmakides G, Schulman H, Kellner L, Plancher S & Maulik D (1994) Computerized analysis of fetal heart rate variation in post-term pregnancy: prediction of intrapartum fetal distress and fetal acidosis. Am J Obstet Gynecol 171, 1132-8.

56. Neldam S (1980) Fetal movement as an indication of fetal wellbeing. Lancet 8180,1222-4.

57. Grant A, Elbourne D, Valentin L & Alexander S (1989) Routine formal fetal movement counting and risk of antepartum late death in normally formed singletons. Lancet 8659, 345-9.

58. Guidetti DA, Divon MY, Cavalieri RL, Langer O & Merkatz IR (1987) Fetal umbilical artery flow velocimetry in postdate pregnancies. Am J Obstet Gynecol 157,1521-3.

59. Stokes HJ, Roberts RV & Newnham JP (1991) Doppler flow velocity analysis in postdate pregnancies. Aust NZ J Obstet Gynaecol 31,27-30.

60. Devine PA, Bracero LA, Lysikiewicz A, Evans R, Womack S & Byrne DW (1994) Middle cerebral to umbilical artery Doppler ratio in post-date pregnancies. Obstet Gynecol 84, 856-60.

61. Bennett KA, Crane JM, O'Shea P, Lacelle J, Hutchens D & Copel JA (2004) First trimester ultrasound screening is effective in reducing postterm labor induction rates: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Obstet Gynecol 190, 1077-81.

62. Crowley P (2000) Interventions for preventing or improving the outcome of delivery at or beyond term. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 1, CD000170. DOI 10.1002/14651858CD000170.

63. Sanchez-Ramos L, Olivier F, Delke I & Kaunitz AM (2003) Labor induction versus expectant management for postterm pregnancies: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Obstet Gynecol 101,1312-8.

64. Cole RA, Howie PW & MacNaughton MC (1975) Elective induction of labour. A randomised prospective trial. Lancet 1, 767-70.

65. Martin DH, Thompson W, Pinkerton JHM & Watson JD

(1978) Randomised controlled trial of selective planned delivery. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 85, 109-13.

66. Breart G, Goujard J, Maillard F, Chavigny C, Rumeau-Rouquette C & Sureau C (1982) Comparison of two obstetrical policies with regard to artificial induction of labour at term. A randomised trial. J Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris) 11,107-12.

67. Egarter CH, Kofler E, Fitz R & Husselein PI (1989) Is induction of labour indicated in prolonged pregnancy? Results of a prospective randomised trial. Gynecol Obstet Invest 27, 6-9.

68. Tylleskar J, Finnstrom O, Leijon I, Hedenskog S & Ryden G

(1979) Spontaneous labor and elective induction - a prospective randomized study. Effects on mother and fetus. Acta Obstetrica Gynecologica Scand 58, 513-8.

69. Sande HA, Tuveng J & Fonstelien T (1983) A prospective randomized study of induction of labor. Int J Gynecol Obstet 21, 333-6.

70. Hannah ME, Hannah WJ, Hellman J, Hannah WJ, Hewson S, Milner R & Willan A, Canadian Multicenter Post-Term Pregnancy Trial Group (1992) Induction of Labour as compared with serial antenatal monitoring in post-term pregnancy. A randomized controlled trial. NEJM 326, 1587-92.

71. Katz Z, Yemini M, Lancet M, Mogilner BM, Ben-Hur H & Caspi B (1983) Non-aggressive management of post-date pregnancies. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 15, 71-9.

72. Dyson D, Miller PD & Armstrong MA (1987) Management of prolonged pregnancy: induction of labour versus antepartum testing. Am J Obstet Gynecol 156,928-34.

73. Henry GR (1969) A controlled trial of surgical induction of labour and amnioscopy in the management of prolonged pregnancy. J Obstet Gynaecol Br Commonwealth 76, 795-8.

74. Bergsjo P, Gui-dan H, Su-qin Y, Zhi-zeng G & Bakketeig LS (1989) Comparison of induced vs non-induced labor in post-term pregnancy. Acta Obstetrica Gynecologica Scand 68, 683-7.

75. Cardozo L, Fysh J & Pearce JM (1986) Prolonged pregnancy: the management debate. Br Med J 293,1059-63.

76. Roberts LJ & Young KR (1991) The management of prolonged pregnancy - an analysis of women's attitudes before and after term. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 98,1102-6.

77. Roberts L, Cook E, Beardsworth SA & Trew G (1994) Prolonged pregnancy: two years experience of offering women conservative management. J Royal Army Med Corps 140, 32-6.

78. Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada (1997) Materno-fetal committee. Post-term pregnancy.

(Committee Opinion). SOGC Clinical Practice Guidelines, no. 15.

79. Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Evidence-based Clinical Guideline Number 7. RCOG 2001.

80. ACOG Practice Bulletin. Management of Postterm Pregnancy ACOG (2004) Practice Bulletin, 55. Obstet Gynecol 104, 639-40.

81. Menticoglou S & Hall PF (2002) Routine induction of labour at 41 weeks gestation: nonsensus consensus. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 109,485-91.

82. Thornton J & Lilford R (1989) The caesarean section decision: patients' choices are not determined by immediate emotional reactions. J Obstet Gynaecol 9,283-8.

83. Boulvain M, Stan C & Irion O (2005) Membrane sweeping for induction of labour. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 1, CD000451. DOI 10.1002/14651858CD000451.pub2.

84. Lydon-Rochelle M, Holt VL, Easterling TR & Martin DP (2001) Risk of uterine rupture during labor among women with a prior caesarean delivery. N Engl J Med 345, 3-8.

85. Sue A, Quan AK, Hannah ME, Cohen MM, Foster GA & Liston RM (1999) Effect of labour induction on rates of stillbirth and caesarean section in post-term pregnancies. CMAJ 160, 1145-9.

86. Fabre E, Gonzalez de Aguero R, de Agustin JL, Tajada M, Repolles S & Sanz A (1996) Perinatal mortality in term and post-term births. J Perinat Med 24, 163-9.

87. Olesen AW, Basso O & Olsen J (2003) Risk of recurrence of prolonged pregnancy. BMJ 326,476.

88. Divon MY, Haglund B, Nisell H, Otterblad PO & Westgren M (1998) Fetal and neonatal mortality in the post-term pregnancy the impact of gestational age and fetal growth restriction. Am J Obstet Gynecol 178, 726-31.

89. Caughey AB & Musci TJ (2004) Complications of term pregnancies beyond 37 weeks of gestation. Obstet Gynecol 103, 57-62.

90. Augensen K, Bergsjo P, Eikeland T, Ashvik K & Carlsen J (1987) Randomized comparison of early versus late induction of labour in post-term pregnancy. Br Med J 294, 1192-5.

91. Chanrachakul B & Herabutya Y (2002) Postterm with favourable cervix. Is induction necessary? Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 4367,1-4.

92. Heden L, Ingemarsson I, Ahlstrom H & Solum T (1991) Induction of labor vs conservative management in prolonged pregnancy: controlled study. Int J Fetomaternal Med 4,148-52.

93. Herabutya Y, Prasertsawat PO, Tongyai T & Isarangura Na Ayudthya N (1992) Prolonged pregnancy: the management dilemma. Int J Gynecol Obstet 37,253-8.

94. James C, George SS, Gaunekar N & Seshadri L (2001) Management of prolonged pregnancy: a randomized trial of induction of labour and antepartum foetal monitoring. Nat Med J India 14,270-3.

95. Martin JN, Sessums JK, Howard P, Martin RW & Morrison JC (1989) Alternative approaches to the management of gravidas with prolonged post-term postdate pregnancies. J Miss State Med Assoc 30, 105-11.

96. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Network of Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units (1994) A clinical trial of induction of labor versus expectant management in postterm pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 170, 716-23.

97. Roach VJ & Rogers MS (1997) Pregnancy outcome beyond 41 weeks gestation. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 59,19-24.

98. Suikkari AM, Jalkanen M, Heiskala H & Koskela O (1983) Prolonged pregnancy: induction or observation. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand Suppl 116, 58.

99. Witter FR & Weitz CM (1987) A randomised trial of induction at 42 weeks of gestation vs expectant management for postdates pregnancies. Am J Perinatol 4,206-11.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

If Pregnancy Is Something That Frightens You, It's Time To Convert Your Fear Into Joy. Ready To Give Birth To A Child? Is The New Status Hitting Your State Of Mind? Are You Still Scared To Undergo All The Pain That Your Best Friend Underwent Just A Few Days Back? Not Convinced With The Answers Given By The Experts?

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment