The ovaries vary in size depending on age and their function. They are approximately 2 x 4 cm2 with the long axis running vertically and are attached to the posterior leaf of the broad ligament by the mesovarium. In addition they are fixed in position by the ovarian ligament (to the uterus medially) and the infundibulopelvic ligament which contains the ovarian blood supply direct from the aorta. Venous drainage is to the ovarian veins which drain direct into the inferior vena cava on the right and into the renal vein on the left. The aortic nerve plexus also accompanies the ovary in its descent from around the level of the first lumbar vertebra.

The lateral pelvic side wall is covered by peritoneum which is folded to form the ovarian fossa. Pathological adhesions around the ovary will often cause it to be fixed into the ovarian fossa causing cyclical pain or dyspareunia.

The ovary is not covered by peritoneum but is surrounded by a thin membranous capsule, the tunica albuginea, which in turn is covered by the germinal epithelium.

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Getting Back Into Shape After The Pregnancy

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Once your pregnancy is over and done with, your baby is happily in your arms, and youre headed back home from the hospital, youll begin to realize that things have only just begun. Over the next few days, weeks, and months, youre going to increasingly notice that your entire life has changed in more ways than you could ever imagine.

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