Many minor alterations to physiology cause alarm to parents. Some common questions and responses to them are outlined in Table 11.6 and in the absence of disease, reassurance is all that is required. It is wise to read your unit's breastfeeding policy so as not to contradict the advice given by midwives and lactation consultants.
High intestinal obstructions usually present with vomiting which may be bile stained, and this ominous sign demands urgent investigation. Plain X-ray film of the abdomen can confirm the presence of obstruction by showing a lack of air in the lower gut or a sign such as the 'double bubble' of duodenal atresia. Hypertropic pyloric stenosis does not usually present until 2-6 weeks of age.
Lower intestinal obstruction usually presents as failure to pass meconium within 24 h followed by abdominal distension with or without vomiting. Causes include Hir-shprung's disease, meconium ileus due to cystic fibrosis,
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For many years, scientists have been playing out the ingredients that make breast milk the perfect food for babies. They've discovered to day over 200 close compounds to fight infection, help the immune system mature, aid in digestion, and support brain growth - nature made properties that science simply cannot copy. The important long term benefits of breast feeding include reduced risk of asthma, allergies, obesity, and some forms of childhood cancer. The more that scientists continue to learn, the better breast milk looks.