The incidence of urinary incontinence increases with increasing age. Elderly women have been found to have a reduced flow rate, increased urinary residuals, higher filling pressures, reduced bladder capacity and lower maximum voiding pressures. In a large study of 842 women aged 17-64 years the prevalence rates of urinary incontinence increased progressively over seven birth cohorts (1900-1940) from 12% to 25%. These findings agree with those of a large telephone survey in the United States of America which reported a prevalence of urge incontinence of 5% in the 18-44 age rising to 19% in women over 65 years of age . Conversely, as mobility and physical exercise decrease with advancing age so does the prevalence of stress urinary incontinence.
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