Approximately 8-10% of births require admission to a neonatal unit; however, a much small number (2-3%) require neonatal intensive care. The criteria for admission vary between units but should include the following: (1) birth weight less than 1.8 kg or gestational age below 34 weeks, as these infants rarely feed from the nipple and have difficulty controlling their temperature or (2) proven or suspected illness, such as respiratory distress, cardiac disease, fits or sepsis.
Unnecessary admission of infants to neonatal units can strain resources and put the infant at risk of nosocomial disease, as well as interrupting bonding and frightening parents. Adequate transitional care facilities are essential to avoid misuse of neonatal care.
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The first trimester is very important for the mother and the baby. For most women it is common to find out about their pregnancy after they have missed their menstrual cycle. Since, not all women note their menstrual cycle and dates of intercourse, it may cause slight confusion about the exact date of conception. That is why most women find out that they are pregnant only after one month of pregnancy.