Foods for special uses

Food processors are aware of the special needs of consumers such as infants, the elderly final.doc), and immunocompromised patients. In addition to providing foods that are highly nutritious and meet physical requirements for chewing and swallowing, the foods may be produced with an extra degree of safety for these especially sensitive groups. Recently, Enterobacter sakazakii was recognized as a potential pathogen in powdered infant formula for infants under 2 months old (WHO, 2004). Processors...

Individuals with chronic disease

Chronic disease may increase risk of foodborne illnesses because of disease-associated immune suppression or pharmacological immune suppression. Advanced age and male gender were common descriptors of non-pregnancy associated cases of listeriosis in France (Goulet and Marchetti, 1996). Of the identified cases, the greatest risk of illness was found in patients who also had an immunosuppressing condition, such as diabetes mellitus, malignancy, organ transplantation, or AIDS. Diabetes leads to...

References

LEAHY, B. GOODE, T. DAMROW, P.S. HAYES, N.F. BIBB, D.H. RICE, T.J. BARRETT, L. HUTWAGNER, P.M. GRIFFIN and L. SLUTSKER. 1998. An outbreak of Escherichia coli O157 H7 infections associated with leaf lettuce consumption. J. Infect. Dis. 177 1588-1593. ANONYMOUS. 1999. Salmonellosis outbreak, South Australia. Commun. Dis. Intelligence 23 (3) 73. March 18. ANONYMOUS. 2000. Juice recall. Associated Press, April 21. APPENDINI, P. and J. H. HOTCHKISS. 2002. Review of...

Mass production of food

But does mass production of food increase or decrease the risk of infectious foodborne disease The answer is not clear cut and data are insufficient to reach an answer to which all can agree. Some claim that modern production methods that result in mass production of foods can lead to reduced costs and production efficiency but also can increase the chance of accidental contamination of foods and amplify their consequences Morse, 1995 . Claiming that the chance of accidental contamination is...

Food safety risks

Changes in the bundle of global foodborne disease hazards Consumption changes driven by changes in countries' per capita income levels are the most important factors explaining historical changes in the composition of global food trade. Evidence of this was verified by simulating the individual contribution of household income, changes in factors of production, policy, and transportation costs on the changing composition of food trade from 1980 to 1995 Coyle et al, 2001 Gehlhar and Coyle, 2001...