Contents

Preface iii

Acknowledgments v

2 ■ Evaluation of Eyelid Malpositions 11

3 ■ Evaluation of Eyelid Lesions 19

4 ■ Eyelid Lesions and Tissues of Origin 31

5 ■ Histopathologic Terminology 35

6 ■ Surgical Management of Eyelid Lesions 49

7 ■ Atlas of Eyelid Malpositions 55

Ankyloblepharon ■ 56 Blepharochalasis ■ 57 Blepharophimosis Syndrome ■ 58 Blepharoptosis ■ 60 Brow Ptosis ■ 62

Chronic Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia ■ 64

Cryptophthalmos ■ 67

Dermatochalasis ■ 68

Distichiasis ■ 70

Epiblepharon ■ 75

Epicanthal Folds ■ 76

Essential Blepharospasm ■ 78

Euryblepharon ■ 79

Floppy Eyelid Syndrome ■ 80

Hemifacial Spasm ■ 82

Horner's Syndrome ■ 84

Marcus Gunn Jaw Winking Syndrome ■ 87

Microblepharon ■ 89

Oromandibular Dystonia ■ 90

Prolapsed Orbital Fat ■ 91

Retraction of the Eyelid ■ 92

Steatoblepharon ■ 94

Tarsal Kink Syndrome ■ 96

Telecanthus ■ 97

Trichiasis ■ 98

Acquired Melanosis ■ 103

Actinic Keratosis ■ 105

Amyloidosis ■ 107

Angioedema and Urticaria ■ 109

Angiosarcoma ■ 111

Apocrine Adenoma ■ 113

Apocrine Hidrocystoma ■ 114

Arteriovenous Hemangioma/Malformation ■ 116

Atopic Dermatitis ■ 118

Basal Cell Carcinoma ■ 120

Blepharitis ■ 122

Capillary Hemangioma ■ 126

Cavernous Hemangioma ■ 128

Cellular Blue Nevus ■ 130

Cellulitis ■ 131

Chalazion and Hordeolum ■ 133 Chondroid Syringoma ■ 135 Cicatricial Pemphigoid ■ 137 Cutaneous Horn ■ 139 Cylindroma ■ 141 Dermatofibroma ■ 143 Dermoid Cyst ■ 144 Dermolipoma ■ 146 Eccrine Hidrocystoma ■ 147 Eccrine Nodular Hidradenoma ■ 149 Epibulbar Osseous Choristoma ■ 150 Epidermoid Cyst ■ 152 Erysipelas ■ 153

Erythema Multiforme/Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/Toxic Epidermal

Necrolysis Disease Spectrum ■ 155 Granuloma Annulare ■ 157 Hemangiopericytoma ■ 159 Herpes Simplex ■ 161 Herpes and Varicella Zoster ■ 163 Ichthyosis ■ 166 Impetigo ■ 168 Insect Bite ■ 169

Intravascular Papillary Endothelial Hyperplasia ■ 171

Intravascular Pyogenic Granuloma ■ 173

Inverted Follicular Keratosis ■ 174

Juvenile Xanthogranuloma ■ 175

Kaposi's Sarcoma ■ 177

Keratoacanthoma ■ 181

Lentigo Maligna ■ 183

Lentigo Senilis ■ 184

Leukemia Cutis ■ 186

Lupus Erythematosus ■ 188

Lymphangioma ■ 190

Malignant Melanoma ■ 194

Melanocytic Nevus ■ 196

Merkel Cell Tumor ■ 199

Metastatic Tumors ■ 200

Microcystic Adnexal Carcinoma ■ 202

Molluscum Contagiosum ■ 205 Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma ■ 207 Mucormycosis ■ 209 Mycosis Fungoides ■ 211 Myxoma ■ 213

Necrobiotic Xanthogranuloma ■ 214 Necrotizing Fasciitis ■ 216 Neurofibroma ■ 218 Nevus Flammeus ■ 220 Nodular Fasciitis ■ 222 Oculodermal Melanocytosis ■ 223 Papilloma ■ 225 Pemphigus Vulgaris ■ 227 Phakomatous Choristoma ■ 228 Pilomatrixoma ■ 230 Plasmacytoma ■ 232 Plexiform Neurofibroma ■ 234 Primary Mucinous Carcinoma ■ 235 Pyogenic Granuloma ■ 237 Rosacea ■ 239 Sarcoidosis ■ 241 Sebaceous Adenoma ■ 243 Sebaceous Cell Carcinoma ■ 244 Seborrheic Keratosis ■ 247 Squamous Cell Carcinoma ■ 248 Syringoma ■ 250

Trichilemmal (Sebaceous) Cyst ■ 252

Trichoepithelioma ■ 254

Trichofolliculoma ■ 255

Verruca Vulgaris ■ 258

Xanthelasma ■ 260

Xanthogranuloma ■ 262

Index 265

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