Gender Ratio In Dyslexia

It had been widely supposed from the time of Hinshelwood and Orton that there were more dyslexic males than females. However, quite a stir was created in the 1990s when some researchers in the USA challenged this view (see, in particular, Shaywitz et al., 1990). Head teachers of schools for dyslexic pupils in Britain had always planned for an excess of boys, and if they were now to have an increased intake of girls this would have all kinds of planning implications - more female staff, building...

Service for the County of Gwynedd

I had not been serving for long on the Word-Blind committee when the University College of North Wales, Bangor (as it then was) decided, as part of its expansion programme, to create a Department of Psychology and to appoint a professor as its head. I applied for this post and was successful. In those days funding came from the government via a body called the University Grants Committee. I remember shortly after my appointment that its chairman, Sir John Wolfenden, visited Bangor and made...

Concerns and Disputes I

One of the most cogent of the academic arguments against the dyslexia concept was that of Davis and Cashdan (1963). The authors of this paper argue that if a concept such as dyslexia is to be justified it is necessary to show that the members of this group are distinctive in respect of causation, methods of treatment and prognosis. The authors did not claim that these conditions would never be satisfied but only that at the time of writing this had not happened. At the time Davis and Cashdan...

References

Augur, J. and Briggs, S. (1992) The Hickey Multisensory Language Course, Whurr, London. Baddeley, A.D., Ellis, N.C., Miles, T.R. and Lewis, V. (1982) Developmental and acquired dyslexia a comparison. Cognition, 11 (2), 185-199. Black, S.R. (2001) Semantic satiation and lexical resolution. American Journal of Psychology, 114 (4), 493-510. Blanchard, P. (1946) Psychoanalytic contributions to the problems of reading disabilities. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 2, 163-187. See in particular...

The Word Blind Centre

Early in 1962 I was surprised to receive a letter from Dr Alfred White Franklin, who was then chairman of the Invalid Children's Aid Association. It invited me to take part in a conference at St Bartholomew's Hospital on the theme of dyslexia or word-blindness the invitation had arisen because he had read my paper on the subject Miles, 1961 . Dr White Franklin held a senior post as physician at St Bartholomew's Hospital. I afterwards learned that he had been coming across a significant number...

Performance Of Dyslexics And Nondyslexics On The Rorschach Ink Blot Test

Ann Williams was a very experienced clinical psychologist whose home was in North America but whose family had had connections with Wales. She therefore Table 15.1. Frequency distribution of differences in dyslexia index between first and second assessments Table 15.1. Frequency distribution of differences in dyslexia index between first and second assessments came over to Bangor to study for her Ph.D. This was in the 1970s. At this stage we felt we knew a certain amount about the cognitive...

Dyslexia In The Kannada Language

I was lucky to have the opportunity to collaborate with two colleagues, S. Ramaa whose Ph.D. I had examined and M. S. Lalithamma. Kannada is a Dravidian language spoken in some parts of India. We were particularly interested to discover if the manifestations of dyslexia were basically the same in a part of the world where there was a different writing system and where English was not the child's first language note 15.9 . For full details of what we did the reader is referred to Ramaa et al....

The Bangor Dyslexia Test II

Combining a clinical approach with a statistical one was not always easy. At an early stage in the research I presented a paper to my colleagues with the title 'How Do I Score the crikey ' The situation which I envisaged was one in which a subject, presented, for instance, with a request to say the months of the year, responded, 'Oh, crikey ' - and then proceeded to say the months of the year correctly. Was I to ignore the 'crikey' on the grounds that it was a one-off remark which could not be...

Michael

Michael was referred to the Bangor Child Guidance Clinic at the age of nine years nine months. His extreme weakness at reading and spelling had already caused his parents concern, and they wished for further investigation. I myself was not responsible for his original testing, but as his teacher I had ample opportunity thereafter for observing his behaviour. Performance IQ 129 Wechsler, 1949 Terman-Merrill IQ 128 Terman and Merrill, 1937 Schonell Graded Word Reading test reading age 5.3...