During the past decade, urine-based DATs have been the most commonly used screening assays in both health care and non-health care sectors across Europe. Whereas the maj ority of urine samples continue to be performed on the laboratory platform, the popularity of urine POC tests is steadily growing. Urine tests are currently preferred because of their noninvasive nature and the ease with which large-volume specimens may be obtained and DOA detected (4,12). At present, the urine test's low cost compared with other test matrices is still the overriding factor and ensures its high utility rate in Europe. POC urine tests are available in the form of dipsticks, test strips, test cassettes, and test cups. A test cup serves not only as a test device, but also as a collection tool. However, as demonstrated in the Belgian part of the ROSITA study (6,7), urine collection at roadside is deemed impractical.
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