Sagebrush

(Artemisia tridentata) A North American species, much used medicinally by the Indians. The Klamath, for instance, took the decoction for diarrhoea (Spier), as did the Coahuilla and the Tewa, who also chewed and swallowed the leaves for a cough (Youngken). The Gosiute (Chamberlin) and the Navajo used it for colds and fevers. The same people used it for headaches, which they still say can be cured simply by smelling the plant (Elmore).

The Klamath had a sort of ceremonial use for the plant. At the birth of a first child, both parents wore sagebrush bark belts for five days. This was the belt worn also in mourning for a child, and by a girl at puberty (Spier).

Saginaprocumbens > PEARLWORT SAINFOIN

(Onobrychis sativa) Sainfoin means 'healthy hay', in other words a crop, dried, that is good for cattle

(Grigson. 1974), and not only for cattle, for horsemen were at one time fond of giving their horses sainfoin seed to make them fat and their coats sleek. But the opening syllable of the name has been misunderstood enough for the plant to be called Saintfoin (A S Palmer), and Holy Clover has also been used (Wit). A spurious saint has been invented, with a legend to go with it, in Hertfordshire. It was said there that sainfoin grew only in places once owned by the Church. This was recorded by Nathaniel Salmon in his History of Hertfordshire of 1728, and he it must have been who invented St Foyne as the plant name (Jones-Baker. 1977).

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