Bucks Horn Plantain

(Plantago coronopus) In Glamorgan, where it appears to have been very common, the roots and leaves were made into a decoction, sweetened with honey, and given as a cure for hydrophobia (Trevelyan). Hill had heard of the cure, but gave it little credit: "it is said also to be a remedy against the bite of a mad dog, but this is idle and groundless", but he did recommend the leaves, "bruised, and applied to a fresh wound [to] stop the bleeding and effect a cure". Sometimes the whole plant was hung round the neck as an amulet against the ague (Allen), but this seems to come from Gerard, although he wanted for wearing round the neck: "unto men, nine plants, roots, and all; and unto women and children seven".

Early prescriptions include one for toothache "Shave hartshorn and seethe it well in water, and with the water wash the teeth, and hold it hot in thy mouth a good while. And thou shalt never have the toothache again" (!) (Dawson. 1934), hartshorn being another name for Buck's Horn Plantain.

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