Beer Brewing Made Easy
There are many different species of millet, which is tiny, has an oblong-spherical shape, and ranges from pale yellow to reddish orange. Unlike most grains, which form ears, most varieties of millet form panicles, or berry-shaped heads. Millet berries are small and range from white, gray, or yellow to red or reddish brown. Common millet is grown worldwide and is used mainly for human consumption and animal feed. Foxtail millet is also grown in a variety of areas and is often used for birdseed or, in Russia, to make beer. Pearl millet is grown primarily in India. Millet has a strong, nutty flavor that may take some time to appreciate. Finely ground millet is used by Ethiopians to make fermented, spongy flat bread, by Indians to make crepe-like roti, and by the Masai in Africa to make beer. Nutritionally, millet is a good source of niacin, thiamin, phosphorus, and zinc and provides a fair amount of iron. It also is easy to digest.
In beer brewing industry there is a preference to carry out fermentation with hops extract, rather than using whole hops. This permits the preservation of raw material over a longer brewing season and provides a better quality raw material. Two variants of hops extraction process are used. One variant uses liquid carbon dioxide. This is offered for licence by the Brewers Research Foundation, London. Commercial plants using this process are at Pauls and Whites Brewery in U.K. and Carlton Ltd. in Australia. The other variant uses supercritical carbon dioxide. This is offered for licence by SGK of Mullheim, Germany. A plant using this technology is in operation at SKW AG, Trostberg, Germany. Pfizer in U.S.A. also uses this technology to separate the bittering agents from hops.
(Scrophularia nodosa) Figwort has had its uses, not least in beer-making, where the bitter principle was once a valued asset (Wood-Martin). In the Hebrides, more stress was put on its magical qualities, especially in its use to protect cows (Carmichael), for when put in the byre, it has the power of ensuring the milk supply (J A MacCulloch. 1905). On mainland Scotland, on the other hand, it was the medicinal use that was more important. The fig of figwort means piles. . it is reported to be a remedy against those diseases whereof it tooke his name, as also the painefull piles and swelling of the haemorroides Some do stampe the root with butter, and set it in a moist shadowie place fifteeene daies together then they do boile it, straine it, and keepe it, wherewith they anoint the hard kernels, and the haemorrhoid veines, on the piles which are in the fundament, and that with good successe (Gerard). It seems that the tincture of the fresh plant is still recommended for piles, as well as...
For thousands of years cereals have been used not only for bread making but also for beer brewing. Alcoholic drinks from grains were known in ancient Egypt and the Middle East, as well as northern Europe. Usually made from barley malt, water, and yeast, ale was typically produced in small batches by individual households in the Middle Ages, or by brewers, many of them women known in England as alewives. It was sold to the public in alehouses, or peddled by hucksters in the streets. Not until the sixth or seventh century a.d. did monks in northern Italy begin to add hops as an ingredient in the brewing process. The natural preservatives and bitter taste of hops resulted in a drink that kept better than ale and was bitter rather than sweet. It became known as beer, a word presumably derived from Latin bibere, meaning to drink. The practice of brewing hopped beer spread northward and became especially popular in the Low Countries, that is, the area of today's Belgium and the Netherlands,...
Brew Your Own Beer
Discover How To Become Your Own Brew Master, With Brew Your Own Beer. It takes more than a recipe to make a great beer. Just using the right ingredients doesn't mean your beer will taste like it was meant to. Most of the time it’s the way a beer is made and served that makes it either an exceptional beer or one that gets dumped into the nearest flower pot.