Ayurveda the Science of Life

Modern Ayurveda

This easy program presents a great deal of information packed in less than 8 hours of knowledge that was gathered by one of the world's most recognized people on spirituality andAyurveda. Cate Stillman dedicates 8 hours of deep knowledge about spirituality and enlightenment that will greatly enhance your life in many ways. You will experience a lot of joy in life and fulfillment, as well as getting rid of the insecurities and frustrations that you might be facing in today's world. It will save you the trouble of having to spend years and years in the schoolsof chakras and energy in very little time that will cover all you need, you will get to know your body's rhythms and how to fix them, how to balance your energy, the ways of healing, yoga practices, ways of eating and even practices you should be doing every day that will correct your body's circadian rhythms for the day. That way, you will become the master of your own body and mind, you will finally achieve satisfaction and fulfillment. You can get all the three tracks and the free mat to practice instantly once you make a successful purchase, that way, you will be able to access the information that you need in no time. Read more...

Modern Ayurveda Summary


4.6 stars out of 11 votes

Contents: Audio Course, Ebooks
Author: Cate Stillman
Official Website: www.theayurvedaexperience.com
Price: $97.00

Access Now

My Modern Ayurveda Review

Highly Recommended

The author has done a thorough research even about the obscure and minor details related to the subject area. And also facts weren’t just dumped, but presented in an interesting manner.

As a whole, this e-book contains everything you need to know about this subject. I would recommend it as a guide for beginners as well as experts and everyone in between.

Herbal Remedies

Herbs have been used for thousands of years in various parts of the world as treatment for medical ailments. Certain herbal remedies have been used to promote and boost fertility in both men and women. Herbs are not regulated by a governmental agency, as the Food and Drug Administration does for prescription and some over-the-counter medication. Consequently, herbs that you may use could be contaminated or not contain the exact ingredients that are listed on the label. Because herbal medicine has not been widely studied and researched, we still do not know all of the potential associated side effects. That said, herbal medicine may still offer benefits to you as you work to maximize your fertility. If you would like to try herbal medicine, you should do so only while under the care of a qualified practitioner, such as a naturopathic physician. The following list itemizes herbs that may be useful to boost your fertility and promote healthy reproductive organ systems.

On the Nutrient Horizon Phytochemicals

Armed with the knowledge that people whose diets are rich in foods of plant origin are at lower risk for many serious diseases, nutritional scientists have begun to try to isolate the actual chemicals in foods that may be responsible for promoting health and preventing disease. Nutritionists have adopted the term phytochemical or phytonutrient to refer to any one of a growing list of substances they have isolated that appear to prevent disease in laboratory animals. Although some phytochemicals are now available in pill form, we do not yet know enough about how they function to assume that any one, on its own, will promote health and prevent disease without the presence of the vitamins, minerals, fiber, and other, as yet unidentified, substances in plant foods. Scientists are making progress in determining how phytochemicals work, but the best way to ensure an adequate intake of all potentially health-promoting substances in foods of plant origin is to eat the foods themselves...

Regulations for herbal products in the member states

There is also the category of traditional herbal medicines a list of 196 herbal ingredients that can be registered through a simplified pharmaceutical registration procedure. Mixtures containing herbs on this list are allowed if their association is justifiable the product must consist of a maximum of four herbs with similar or synergic usage. In Germany herbals are usually marketed as medicines, because the local health authority considers even the most traditionally used herbs as having therapeutical properties. Beyond medicinal products, there is a category of traditional herbal remedies. These products were on the German market before 1978 and contain prophylactic or mildly effective herbs of German or other European origin. A limited number of herbal medicines are covered by pharmacopoeia monographs. Products which fully comply with these monographs can be authorized with a very simplified dossier. Food supplements containing herbs and traditional herbal remedies are sold freely....

Cost Utility Analysis CUA

CUA is a more sophisticated technique than CEA, from which it is derived. In CUA, the results of pharmacological treatment are expressed in utility-weighted years of life saved, or in the equivalent years of good health (Quality Adjusted Life Years or Healthy Years Equivalent). The utility index summarizes and expresses as a number between 0 and 1 the desirability of a healthy condition, also taking into account the intangible aspects, i.e., those concerning quality of life. These assessments have the advantage of also allowing comparisons to be made between heterogeneous types of intervention, as the result is

Evaluation of Genetic Information and Tests

Genetic tests include the analysis of human DNA, RNA, chromosomes, pro-metabolites molecules terns, and certain metabolites to detect a person's genotype for clinical purposes, including predicting the risk of disease, identifying gene mutation carriers, and establishing prenatal and clinical diagnoses or prognoses. Successful implementation of genetic tests to improve public health requires careful assessment of how and when genetic tests can and should be used to promote health and diagnose and prevent disease. This assessment must include the development of standards and guidelines for assuring quality genetic testing, and the consideration of ethical and legal issues.

Zoos and Ethical Animal Care

An important aspect of ethical animal care is maintaining good health. Professionally managed zoos have strong veterinary care programs designed to prevent, monitor, and treat illness, disease, and parasites. Zoo veterinarians, pathologists, and nutritionists seek to improve animal health. Nutritionists make sure that each animal gets a healthy (and tasty) diet that considers the animal's species, age, gender, and physical condition (such as pregnancy). As important as these types of services are to animal care, other types of services are important in providing for the animal's psychological health. For example, some zoos provide animals with interesting and stimulating environments.

Mewds Azoor Acute Idiopathic Blind Spot Enlargement Syndrome

Azoor Syndrome

The clinical course of acute idiopathic blind spot enlargement is exemplified by the case of a 35-year-old woman. This patient, in previous good health, noted a small purple flickering spot in the upper right field of her right eye. Her visual acuity was 1.0 in both eyes. Fundus examination and fluorescein angiography

Cyrtomium caryotideum

Cyrtomium Marrritimum

Culture and comments This is the Cyrtomium for climates with cold winters such as in Zone 5 or 6. It successfully survives rigorous temperature extremes from Salt Lake City to southern Massachusetts. While lime tolerant it does not depend on supplements for good health. Normal woodland compost and light to deep shade will maintain its dependable display of soft green circles of fronds.

The Future of Medicine

The idea of preventive medicine is not new, but until the completion of the Human Genome Project medicine did not have a way of accomplishing it for common medical problems. For example, for years almost every baby born in the United States has had its urine or blood screened early in life for phenylketonuria (PKU), a rare genetic disease in which affected individuals cannot metabolize the amino acid phenyalanine, a common amino acid in our food. Untreated, PKU patients develop severe mental and psy-chomotor retardation. However, if a child is identified early in life to have the PKU mutation, the disease can be prevented by placing the child on a special diet that lacks phenylalanine.

Appendix Resources on Animal Welfare and Humane Education

CCL offers training, consulting, workshops, and outdoor experiences for people who want to help the planet and all its inhabitants. Programs are designed for adults and young people for animal protection, environmental and social justice groups, humane educators, activists, business and civic groups, and students of all ages. CCL workshops are intended to provide tools and information to fully live a vision of a healthy life for people, the planet, and other beings. CCL has inaugurated a humane education certification program as an off-campus correspondence program, with one to two weeks of on-site training annually. The workshops are recommended for those who would like to apply for certification. Sowing Seeds A Humane Education Workbook, designed for educators, provides specific suggestions for presentations, as well as guidelines for communicating and stimulating critical thinking. JAR, a nonmembership organization, promotes animal rights and the alleviation of animal suffering....

Polystichum lemmonii Shasta fern

Culture and comments Although a Himalayan mountain native, this lovely species has not been reliably persistent in temperate western North American gardens. It may need longer and warmer summers to produce enough sugar for long-term survival. A customized microclimate should encourage good health in Zone 8 or with good husbandry possibly even Zone 7.

Macaranga Densiflora Biological Activity

Li YF, Zheng HG, Ming Y, Yi MZ, Zhi PL. Inhibition of the oligosaccharides extracted from Morinda officinalis, a Chinese traditional herbal medicine, on the cor-ticosterone induced apoptosis in PC12 cells. Life Sci 2003 72 933-942. 52. Chor SY, Hui AY, To KF, et al. Anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of herbal medicine on hepatic stellate cell. J Ethnopharmacol 2005 100 180-186. 60. Nikolovska-Coleska Z, Xu L, Hu Z, et al. Discovery of embelin as a cell-permeable, small-molecular weight inhibitor of XIAP through structure-based computational screening of a traditional herbal medicine three-dimensional structure database. J Med Chem 2004 47 2430-2440.

Helping the Public Get Accurate Science Based Information

Administratively, the FDA resides in the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) within the executive branch of the federal government. In addition to the FDA, there are a number of other agencies in HHS that may interact with the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries (Fig. 7.7). The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the steward of medical and behavioral research for the nation. Its mission is science in pursuit of fundamental knowledge about the nature and behavior of living systems and the application of that knowledge to extend healthy life and reduce the burdens of illness and disability. The NIH works with both the FDA and industry to conduct basic and advanced research to determine underlying mechanisms of action of drugs and to advance the development of new clinical indications. The NIH can contact companies with research proposals, companies can contact NIH, or the FDA can request research to be undertaken. An example of NIH research is the study of important...

Veterinary Uses Of Plants

In some parts of Ireland, GREATER SPEARWORT (Foster), or better, COMFREY is used to treat swine fever, by boiling the roots in milk and adding everything, roots and all, to the pig's feed. This has to be kept up for some weeks (Logan). But Norfolk pigkeep-ers added comfrey leaves to the pig's feed to keep them in good health. That was not the whole story, though -the comfrey feed had another function, that of ensuring that the pig could not be bewitched (Randell). SUGAR BEET leaves have found a use in treating erysipelas in pigs. When they are fed to them, the blisters disappear and the pigs improve quickly (V G Hatfield. 1994).

Potential Causes Of Recurrent Miscarriage

We've all heard about the dangers of tobacco, alcohol, and street drugs. They just aren't part of a healthy lifestyle. This is especially true as you try to conceive and also during your pregnancy. If you smoke during pregnancy, you are more likely to experience vaginal bleeding and miscarriage. Women who drink excessive alcohol or engage in illicit drug use have a definite increased risk of miscarriage. Your doctor can order specific blood tests to evaluate you for antiphospholipid syndrome. If you are diagnosed with antiphospholipid syndrome, your doctor will likely prescribe medication. The main purpose of treatment is to thin your blood and reduce the incidence of clotting. Most patients are prescribed low-dose aspirin and or heparin injections. Some doctors also recommend steroids in an effort to reduce your body's inflammation within your tissues and bloodstream. When you become pregnant again, your health care professional should carefully monitor your pregnancy.

Traditional Medicine and Food Habits for Prevention of Cholera

Traditional herbal medicines (Kampo formulations) are being used in China and Japan for many centuries. The gallate compound from Rhei rhizoma inhibited cholera toxin effect in the tissue culture and fluid accumulation in the rabbit ileal loop assay 155 . The synthetic gallate has shown toxin in vivo and in vitro inhibitory effects and thus the Kampo formulation seems to be an effective adjunc-tive therapy with oral rehydration solution 155 . Soy sauce (Shoyu) was found to have antimicrobial activity against V. cholerae and other enteric bacteria along with other beneficial properties such as antihypertensive, anticarcinogenic, anticataract, antioxidant, and antiallergen 156 . Many useful herbal formulations for the treatment of cholera and other diarrheal diseases have been lost during passage of time and generations of people. Unfortunately, there was no recording system in primeval days and such formulations were kept secret for the benefit of professionals those practiced herbal...

Exercise and Type 2 Diabetes

If you take oral diabetes medications, you cannot assume that your health will be fine when you exercise if you take sulfonylureas, nateglinide, or repaglinide, you can get low glucose levels with exercise. Prepare for this by taking your meter and some glucose tablets or juice with you. If hypoglycemia occurs when you exercise, talk to your doctor about reducing the dose of your sulfonylurea medication.

History And Background Of The Use Of Natural Products As Therapeutic Agents

Repeatedly documented over centuries starting at about 1100 bc 29,30 . Egyptians have been found to have documented uses of various herbs in 1500 bc 29, 30, 72 . The best known of these documents is the Ebers Papyrus, which documents nearly 1000 different substances and formulations, most of which are plant-based medicines 115,116 . Asclepius (in 1500 bc) was a physician in ancient Greece who achieved fame in part because of his use of plants in medicine 72 . A collection of Ayurvedic hymns in India from 1000 bc and earlier describes the uses of over 1000 different herbs. This work served as the basis for Tibetan Medicine translated from Sanskrit during the eighth century 29, 30 . Theophrastus, a philosopher and natural scientist in approximately 300 bc, wrote a History of Plants in which he addressed the medicinal qualities of herbs and the ability to cultivate them. The Greek botanist Pedanious Dioscorides in approximately ad 100 produced a work entitled De Materia Medica, which...

Panax Quinquefolius American Ginseng

The ADA review found that there was inadequate evidence to support use of herbal medicine or mineral supplements in the treatment of diabetes. If you decide to use them, buy your supplements from reputable suppliers those with USP (United States Pharmacopeia) or NF (National Formulary) labels are preferred (see Resources). The National Nutritional Foods Association good-manufacturing practices (NNFA GMP) and ConsumerLab.com also test the quality of herbal and dietary supplements.

Head Start Research And Evaluation

The first of eight National Educational Goals. An example of these two influences can be seen with Head Start researchers such as Greenfield and colleagues at the University of Miami, who have formed a partnership with the Miami-Dade County Head Start program and the Miami-Dade County Public School System, the fourth largest in the nation. This partnership has conducted research focused on improving Head Start children's school readiness and creating greater continuity in the transition from Head Start to public school. For example, this partnership group served as one of the sites of the National Head Start Early Childhood Transition project, evaluating the impact of providing Head-Start-like services through third grade. This project, which has provided extensive data to refute the fade-out effect, argued for the importance of continuing strong parent involvement, health care, and family social services into the early elementary grades along with a developmentally appropriate...

Dryopteris filixmas Male fern

Culture and comments The common form can be planted and neglected and will faithfully reappear year after year. Fern author Martin Rickard (2000) suggests using it in dark difficult sites such as perhaps near the compost heap or site of the dust bin. I hasten to add that he likes the fern. Being readily available, this fern has a long association with herbal medicine. (It is the only fern ever included in U.S. Pharmacopoeia.) Although recommended for a plethora of ailments, the most popular application, dating back to 300 b.c., was to use an extract from the rhizome as a vermifuge specifically for tapeworm (an act of faith as an incorrect dosage was likely to be fatal). Like many of its European colleagues, it has a large number of popular varieties. As with other Dryopteris culti-vars, these require precautions in sites that are subject to invasions from leafhoppers and thrips.

The Dietary Reference Intakes DRIs

The Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) is the amount of each nutrient that is sufficient to prevent nutritional deficiencies in practically all healthy people. The Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) is the amount of a nutrient that is estimated to meet the requirement of half the population of an age- and sex-specific group. For some nutrients, too little is known about them to establish an RDA. For these, an Adequate Intake (AI) is determined. This is the intake that should be adequate to meet the needs of most people. A safe Upper Limit (UL) has been established for some nutrients. Establishment of this value reflects our growing recognition that some nutrients may help promote health and prevent disease in amounts that exceed the RDA. The UL is the maximal daily intake of a nutrient that is likely to be free of the risk of adverse health effects in almost all individuals in the designated group.

Dictyostelium Discoideum Microscope Image

Fig. 2 (continued) fluorescence images were deconvoluted (Leica Deblur software, Blind Deconvolution, 20 iterations) and processed to projections using ImageJ V1.32j. The specimens were prepared and treated as follows Cells were grown on coverslips (A-C, grade 0 D-I, grade 1), and three different fixation protocols were applied. For images A-C, coverslips were plunged into ultracold methanol (see Subheading 3.3.) in images D-F, cells were fixed using the paraformaldehyde (PAF) fixative as described under Subheading 3.4. in images G-I, cells were fixed with 4 PAF in PBS for 45 min at room temperature. After blocking with 2 fetal calf serum and perme-abilization (only for chemical fixations D-I , 0.1 Triton X100 in blocking solution), the monoclonal, primary anti-VatA antibody was used at a dilution of 1 10 and, subsequently, the secondary antibody, anti-mouse IgG Alexa 594 (Molecular Probes), was diluted 1 1000. All three fixation approaches show similar antigenicity preservation but...

Nutrition and Your Stage of Life

A more positive and encouraging approach is to consider that no food is forbidden. Good health comes from eating a variety of foods meats, dairy products, and especially vegetables, fruits, and grains in sensible amounts. Keep in mind that your sex, age, weight, and health status are also important considerations when it comes to determining your nutritional needs and maintaining good health throughout life. In other words, what is nutritionally right for one person may not be the same for you.

Transgenic crops for improved medicinal plants and pharmaceutical products

Even though the number of synthetically produced drugs has increased enormously during the past hundred years, more than 25 per cent of all prescriptions still contain active ingredients of plant origin (Oksman-Caldentey and Hiltunen, 1996). The amount of natural products is expected to increase, due to the above-mentioned limitations of synthetic industrial processes and also as a consequence of the increasing scientific and public interest in traditional and herbal medicine, e.g. homeopathy and so-called functional foods.

Discharge And Home Healthcare Guidelines

The hydrogen ion concentration ( H + ) of the body, described as the pH or negative log of the H + , is maintained in a narrow range to promote health and homeostasis. The body has many regulatory mechanisms that counteract even a slight deviation from normal pH. Acid-base imbalance can alter many physiological processes and lead to serious problems or, if left untreated, to coma and death. A pH below 7.35 is considered acidosis and above 7.45 is alkalo-sis. Alterations in hydrogen ion concentration can be metabolic or respiratory in origin, or they may have a mixed origin.

The Bottom Line on Supplements

With a few exceptions, most of us should get all the vitamins, minerals, fiber, essential fatty acids, protein, and phytochemicals we need from the food we eat, rather than from supplements. Always consult your health care provider before trying a supplement. A few of the functional foods that have recently appeared on the market have proven benefits, although most have yet to demonstrate their value.

The Future Is Here Functional Foods

If your breakfast this morning included calcium-fortified orange juice and toast made with folate-enriched flour, you are a consumer of functional foods. Just what is a functional food As the fastest growing category of new food products, these are foods or food components to which manufacturers have added ingredients that are known or believed to promote health and prevent disease (see Chapter 4, What Do the Terms Fortified and Enriched Mean page 92). Although the name functional foods is new, the concept is not when it was discovered in the early part of the 20th century that some thyroid disease was caused by a deficiency of the mineral iodine, manufacturers began enriching table salt with iodine. Since that time, we have also seen vitamin D-for-tified milk, breakfast cereals fortified with a variety of vitamins and minerals, and the addition of preservatives that are themselves antioxidants to almost all processed foods (see Chapter 3, Cholesterol-Lowering Margarine, page 66). The...

Essential Fatty Acids

Two polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), linoleic and a-linolenic acid. are necessary for good health. Referred to as essential fatty acids (EFAs) because they cannot be manufactured by the body, but depend on being provided by nutritional intake, EFAs have beneficial effects when available in moderation. Excesses of the otherwise beneficial fatty acids may, however, exert harmful effects, with high intakes of saturated and hydrogenated fats being linked to an increase in a number of health risks, including degenerative diseases, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes.

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Before becoming pregnant, talk to your health care provider about your need for a folic acid (a B vitamin) supplement. Doctors and scientists agree that use of folic acid supplements can reduce the occurrence of a birth defect called a neural tube defect. One form of this defect is spina bifida, an incomplete closure of the spine. Folate levels also may be affected by consuming alcohol and Follow your health care provider's recommendations about supplements. If you have a limited diet, check with your health care provider about continuing your prenatal vitamin-mineral supplement. It is essential to talk with your health care provider about folic acid because too much of any supplement can harm your health. The best dietary sources of folic acid include fortified breakfast cereals and enriched grain products. Folate (the natural form of this vitamin found in foods) is found in leafy green vegetables, oranges and grapefruit, black-eyed peas, kidney beans, and other cooked dried beans....

Phase I Clinical Trials

Bioavailability means the rate and extent to which the active drug ingredient or therapeutic moiety is absorbed and becomes available at the site of drug action (Chow and Liu, 1999). Experimental units in such Phase I studies are mostly normal volunteers. Subjects recruited for these studies are generally in good health.

Promote good antenatal health

Good general health and a supportive home environment promote good health during pregnancy. The Confidential Enquiry into Maternal and Child Health (CEMACH) Why Mothers Die 2000-2002 1 reminds us of the increased risks not only of those with pre-existing disease, but also of the socially excluded, the obese, and those abusing substances. Good antenatal care is paramount in promoting health women should be screened for a variety of risk factors and any problem that is identified should be acted upon 2 . We know from the confidential enquiries over the years that we sometimes fail to recognize, communicate or act on risk factors which are apparent in the antenatal period. This makes it imperative, when considering intrapartum care, to review a woman's antenatal health to identify any such risks, and pay heed to any instructions made in the antenatal period.

Public Schools and Diabetes Training

In the United States, the schools or day care centers that receive public funds are legally required to provide training to school staff on treating diabetes. The ADA has literature for teachers and child-care providers. Your health-care team can also help ensure that the staff members at your child's school are adequately trained. The degree of supervision by the staff of the school will vary with your child's age and abilities.

European Union legal models

First of all it is necessary to make a clear statement regarding products containing plant derivatives. The pharmaceutical approval scheme has been designed for pure chemical compounds. For this reason it is actually very difficult to register a herbal medicine, collecting all the data needed for the marketing authorization. This is true if the herbal medicine is a multi-compound product, like an extract. But it is false if a single compound, which is the sole cause of the pharmacological effect, has been isolated from the herbal derivative. In this case, the normal pharmaceutical registration way does not present any insurmountable obstacle and there are no reasons not to follow it. The product is always a plant derivative, but as a single compound it is very similar to a new chemical entity. A good example is the oncological products obtained from Taxus baccata. Basically, herbal products are regulated under food law or under pharmaceutical law sometimes with a simplified...

Assisted Reproductive Technologies ARTs

Assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) involves the sophisticated treatment and processing of human eggs and sperm to help you become pregnant. The treatments that you receive will depend on a variety of issues, including your health and that of your partner, your concerns and desires, and your particular fertility situation.

Native Americans Early Uses of Animals

Although a number of Native American herbal remedies for medical discomforts have been adapted by medical organizations, the use of animal products in medical treatment has not received the same attention. Animal products were used in a number of medical remedies in many Native American nations. Moose and bear fat were used by the Ojibwa to treat skin wounds and to ensure healthy skin in the extreme temperatures. Deer tendons were used as suture material by numerous tribes. The Yukon treated scurvy by ingestion of the animal adrenal glands. Fish oil, because of its high iodine content, was used to treat goiters in Eskimo and Aleut nations. Some South American nations treated epilepsy through shock treatment'' with electric eels. A type of injection device was used by some Native American nations well before the invention of the syringe in 1904. Such devices were constructed from the bladder of a deer or duck connected to a reed or quill of the porcupine. These syringes were used to...

Utilitarian Assessment of Animal Experimentation

Benefits that only animal research could produce. To determine this utility, the role that medical intervention played in lengthening life and improving health, the contribution of animal experimentation to medical intervention, and the benefits of animal experimentation relative to those of nonanimal research programs have to be ascertained.

Interventions For Eating Disorders

A school psychologist can help protect students by providing information to parents, educators, and students about the signs and symptoms of eating disorders addressing self-esteem through positive body image addressing sociocultural factors such as media and propaganda awareness and focusing on nutrition and healthy living. School psychologists can also be instrumental in developing prevention programs in schools that encourage good nutrition and physical fitness, reinforce healthy habits, and empower students to combat the occurrence of eating disorders. School psychologists should be equipped with a list of agencies within the community to consult if students are

What is a reasonable survival strategy

Effectiveness and safety of natural products and supplements. The database provides up-to-date, evidence-based clinical data on natural medicines, herbal medicines, and dietary supplements used in the western world and is compiled by pharmacists and physicians who are part of the Pharmacist's Letter and Prescriber's Letter research and editorial staff.

Maintaining The Discus Aquarium

This section deals with the necessary housekeeping involved with keeping discus. You must maintain the best water quality possible at all times if you wish to keep your fish in good health. It is often said that discus are prone to disease but this is a bit unfair. When they are healthy from the start and kept in clean water of the proper chemistry and temperature and fed properly, they are no more prone to illness than any other fish.

Zoos and Environmental Enrichment

The term ''environmental enrichment'' refers to the modifications that can be made to animal enclosures that increase the complexity and diversity of an animal's surroundings (see ENRICHMENT FOR ANIMALS). Animals in zoos are expected to live long lives in good health and, especially for endangered species,* to reproduce naturally in captivity. Zoos also strive to educate the public about the natural behavior and adaptations of animal species. The public and zoo professionals alike assess the psychological well-being of zoo animals by the resemblance of their behavior to that of their wild counterparts. In general, environmental enrichment improves psychological welfare by allowing the animal to perform behavior that it is naturally motivated to perform, such as seeking food or a mate, demarcating a territory, building a nest, maintaining its physical condition, escaping conspecif-ics or hiding itself, or interacting with a mate or social partner. In so doing, environmental enrichment...

Setting Up a Support Network

When you are diagnosed with a chronic illness like diabetes, you may go through a period of grief because of the loss of good health. The diagnosis can be overwhelming there is a lot of information that you need to grasp you have to learn about carbohydrates, calories, exercise, weight management, and checking blood glucose levels. You may need to take oral medications or inject insulin. You may also have some or all of these questions Be proactive about your health care

Materials And Methods

Six healthy male volunteers with no evidence of clinically active gastrointestinal disease, documented allergic reactions to macrolides or cardiovascular, hepatic, or neurological diseases were enrolled in the study. Subjects were determined to be in good health by means of physical examination and clinical laboratory tests. Subjects were restricted from all standard prescription and nonprescription drugs for 2 weeks prior to participation and throughout the study period. Subjects also abstained from alcohol and caffeine-containing products for 3 days prior and throughout the study. All subjects provided informed consent before participating in the study.

Toxicants in foods and their effects on nutrition

One usually does not relate the ingestion of a specific nutrient with concerns about the toxicity of that nutrient. However, intakes of essential dietary chemicals from zero to excessive produce responses, from lethal because of nutrient deficiency to an optimal health response and back to lethal because of intolerably high concentrations. Thus, as the solid line in Figure 1.2 illustrates, an organism cannot tolerate either of the two extremes over an extended period. The figure illustrates that there will be intakes, both low and high, associated with lethality. Also, there will be minimum low and maximum high intakes associated with good health and a valley associated with optimal health. The valley of the curve for optimal health will vary, depending on a number of physical, biochemical, or physiological effects of the nutrient. For example, the intake level of vitamin E for optimal health has a rather wide valley compared with that for intake levels of vitamin D, vitamin A, or...

The Bottom Line Optimizing Health

Chapter 2 explains the nutrients we all need, the roles they play in promoting health, the best food sources for these nutrients, and how your nutritional needs change throughout your life. Chapter 3 describes how your risk for serious illnesses is influenced by your diet. Chapters 4 and 5 help you learn to use the Food Guide Pyramid to choose the most nutritious foods, and they give you guidance about planning and preparing healthful, appetizing meals. You will also learn about some recently identified substances in plant foods, the phytochemicals, that may promote health and help prevent disease.

Monitoring Blood Pressure

Blood pressure control is critical for the prevention of both microvascular and mac-rovascular complications of diabetes. The goal should be to have blood pressure measurements consistently below 130 80. Sometimes you may find that the blood pressure is high only when you see a doctor or when you see a particular doctor (a phenomenon called white-coat hypertension). If this is the case, ask to have your blood pressure measured when you see other doctors, or buy a home blood pressure machine and use those blood pressure measurements as a guide to treatment. Blood pressure is often easier to control than blood glucose levels, and controlling blood pressure is just as beneficial to your health. You doctor may not routinely recommend measuring blood pressure at home unless there is a suggestion that you have white-coat hypertension or symptoms that might be due to low or high blood pressure.

Motivation and Persistence

The frontal lobes are important for the expression of speech and the control of movements. Thus, it was also remarkable that he did not suffer with weakness or a loss of speech. His personality, however, did undergo a dramatic change. According to Harlow (1868), before the accident Gage had a well balanced mind. And was looked upon by those who knew him as a shrewd, smart businessman, very energetic and persistent in executing all his plans. After the accident he lost these skills. According to Harlow (1868), His mind was radically changed, so decidedly that his friends and acquaintances said he was no longer Gage.

The Flavour and Fragrance Industry Sectors and Materials

Perfume Industry Teechnology

In the following decades, consumer attitudes changed dramatically food and its quality evolved into a symbol of personality, expressed by the slogan 'you are what you eat'. Health, fitness and diet became the precursors of all current trends up to the turn of the century. Today, especially wellness, well-being and a well-balanced lifestyle have to be added. The fortification with vitamins and minerals results in products that implicate pharmacological benefits, a trend which is increasingly called for by consumers.

Serving Suggestions

Oysters in the shell also can be cooked in numerous ways baked, steamed, or grilled. Oysters Rockefeller, a hot hors d'oeuvre that is baked and broiled with a spinach topping, is a traditional, elegant favorite. Use shucked oysters in dressings or poultry stuffings. Oyster stew is often made with only heavy cream, oysters, and butter, but a healthier alternative can be created with evaporated milk and added vegetables, such as potatoes, pearl onions, carrots, or mushrooms.

The chapters that follow

Marco Mucciarelli begins his chapter (Chapter 6) with a clearly written description of the tools and techniques currently used in plant biotechnology. Dr Mucciarelli then details the research history and current knowledge base of the biotechnological advances with plants used for herbal medicines and dietary supplements. Throughout his chapter and particularly in its concluding pages, Dr Mucciarelli incorporates a thoughtful discussion of the benefits and concerns surrounding genetic modification of plants. The public concern that innocent ingestion of botanical supplements might cause unexpected adverse interactions with prescription drugs is addressed in Chapter 8 by Jerry Cott. Specifically, Dr Cott provides an accessible overview of some potential pharmacokinetic interactions of medications with plant-derived dietary supplements. He uses a review of the known interactions of the popular herbal supplement Hypericum perforatum as an example of a herbal medicine that can interact...


Roy Vickery was quite right when he said that there was little evidence for betony being much used in British and Irish folk medicine (Vickery. 1995). It is surprising in view of the number of prescriptions in early and classical herbalism, and also in view of the proverb Sell your coat and buy betony (Dyer. 1889 Whitlock. 1992). There is a Cumbrian recommendation to drink betony tea for indigestion (Newman & Wilson), and in Somerset a cure for headache is to drink the tea hot (Tongue. 1965). Gypsies, too, take an infusion of the fresh leaves to relieve stomach trouble, and they make an ointment from the juice of fresh leaves and unsalted lard to remove the poison from stings and bites (Vesey-Fitzgerald). There is, too, an injunction to chew a fresh betony leaf to prevent drunkenness before a party (Conway). But that is all, yet next to vervain, betony was the most esteemed of all plants by the early herbalists. To sum it all up A medicine against alle maner of infirmities. Take and...

Newborn Screening

Newborn screening (NS) for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is one of the major achievements of preventive medicine 1, 2 . Although since 1972 the problem of CH has been resolved in developed countries by the implementation of NS for CH, the problem exists for developing countries that still have no NS programs for CH 2, 3 . Since diagnosis based on clinical findings is delayed in most instances because of few symptoms and signs, hypothyroidism in the newborn period is almost always overlooked and delayed diagnosis leads to the most severe outcome of CH, mental retardation. In a study from Denmark, it was emphasized that only 10 of the affected infants were diagnosed within the first month of life, 35 within 3 months. 70 were diagnosed within the first year, while in the remainder the diagnosis was delayed to the 3rd and 4th years of life 4 . In a retrospective analysis of 1,000 cases of CH from Turkey, the mean age at diagnosis was 49 months and only 3.1 of cases were diagnosed within...


I.e., COMMON, or EUROPEAN, LARCH (Larix decidua) After a mare had foaled, it was the custom in parts of Yorkshre to hang the afterbirth on a larch tree, to bring good luck and good health to the foal (Drury. 1985). According to Beard, a sacred larch stood at Nauders, in the Tyrol, until 1859. Whenever it was cut, it was thought to bleed, and it was held that the woodman's axe inflicted an invisible wound on his own body at the same depth as that he had given to the tree, the effects of which would not cease until the bark had closed over the gash in the trunk. It was said that children, especially boys, were brought forth from this tree. Crying or screaming near it was taken to be a serious misdemeanour, and quarrelling or cursing was looked on as an offence that called to heaven for instant punishment. It is said that God created two trees when he created the earth and man a male, larch, and a female, a fir (Joseph Campbell).

Primary Prevention

Durlak & Wells's (1997) meta-analysis of primary prevention efforts supports the effectiveness of programs that modify the school environment and help children negotiate transitions. One example is the School Transitional Environment Project (STEP), which focuses on promoting health in the transition from elementary school to junior high or from junior to senior high school this focus on transition is warranted because of evidence suggesting that these transitions may heighten risk for some and create opportunities for others (Felner & colleagues, 2001). STEP increases the ability of the school to respond to children's needs by creating schools within schools. Teams of 60 to 100 students have classes together and have consistent homeroom advisors and or counselors. Time is allotted for all teachers to meet and discuss students, to integrate curriculum, and to increase coherence and support available to students. These efforts reduce complexity for students and build a sense of...

Discus Health

I place this chapter before the breeding chapter because without good health your discus will not live long enough to spawn or simply will not be healthy enough to reproduce. While it is not the goal of every discus keeper to spawn their fish, to keep discus and never witness this beautiful sight would be frustrating in the extreme to most of us.


The rationale for this position derives from the ethical principle of beneficence, which recognizes the desirability of preventing illness and disease and promoting health among all persons and communities. The principle of autonomy argues for the informed patient's right to initiate preventive and wellness measures. This right is dependent upon the patient having access to relevant health information and strategies which are essential ingredients of patient care and services.

Shorter Notes

David Schwartz Fern

Adiantum reniforme (kidney-shaped) is a marvel of overlapping kelly-green pinnae looking like miniature, leather lily pads, and completely distinct from the stereotypical feathery appearance traditionally associated with maidenhairs. The 2-in. (5-cm) pinnae are totally bordered by fertile marginal segments and supported by hairy wires of dark brown stipes. The whole mass matures at a flat-topped 6 to 12 in. (15 to 30 cm). It is native to surprisingly exposed sites. My late husband, Harry, and I were amazed and delighted to discover cascades of fronds perched high above the waterfall at trail's end on the popular Canary Island hike into the Baranco del Infierno (less poetically, Hell's Gorge) on Tenerife. The substrate is lime and that is the recommended planting medium, along with porous soil, for keeping this conversation piece in good health. It is for dedicated specialists in Zones 9 and 10 or tempered indoor sites elsewhere. Goudey (1985) recommends cultivating it in terra cotta...


An old name for cowslip is Palsywort, which shows that it must have been used for that complaint. It must have been the trembling or nodding of the flowers that suggested it. Grigson. 1955 pointed out that the medieval Regimen Sanitatis Salernitanum had commended the cowslip as a cure for palsy or paralysis (hence another old name, Herb Paralysy). Gerard repeated the prescription - cowslips are commended against the pain of the joints called the gout, and slacknesse of the sinues, which is the palsie . He goes back to it - a conserve made with the flours of cowslips and sugar prevaileth wonderfully against the palsie, convulsions, cramps, and all diseases of the sinues . Culpeper, too, mentions it - because they strengthen the brain and nerves, the Greeks gave them the name paralysis . It still appears in herbal medicine books as a remedy for giddiness, nervous debility or excitement (Wickham), and herbalists still use cowslip leaves as a sedative and pain-killer (Conway).

Ashen Faggot

In OE came to mean spear, and aesc-plega the game of spears, or battle. Then it was further extended to the man who carried the spear. The handles of most garden tools are best made of the wood - some rakes are still made entirely of ash (Freethy). Clothes posts, billiard cues (Wilkinson), hockey and hurley sticks, cricket bat handles and police truncheons were all traditionally made of ash timber. It was tough enough for windmill cogwheels, and boats also were made of it - OE aesc, Norse aske came to mean a vessel as well as a spear. In ancient Wales and Ireland all oars and coracle-slats were made of it (Graves). Evelyn mentions that the inner bark was used as paper, before the invention of the latter, and he also mentions that the keys are edible, and often pickled - being pickled tender, they afford a delicate sallading Sir Robert Atkyns, a number of years later, spoke of them as an excellent wholesome sauce, and a great expel-ler of venom . Recipes are still given a recent one...


Historically, herbal remedies and medicinal properties associated with this genus date back some 5000 years and are remarkable and extensive in Asian cultures. They included multipurpose cures for many ailments. Compounds, especially from Pyrrosia lingua and P. sheareri, are still offered in contemporary Chinese medicine as remedies for assorted ills from bronchial infections and asthma to serious kidney and urinary tract disorders.

Specific History

Cabeza Con Cuello Para Dibujar

Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) Acute neuritis associated with a segmental zoster attack is uncommon in children and young adults who are otherwise in good health. The incidence of severe neuritis increases after age 40, as does the incidence of postherpetic neuralgia. This complication (persisting pain and or altered sensation in the affected nerve segments after healing of the skin lesions) occurs in more than 50 of cases in some series reported. It is the most common complication of herpes zoster. The incidence peaks in patients in their sixth and seventh decades, probably due to more severe attacks and lowered capacity to regenerate after nerve injury. Most patients without long-term neurologic sequelae note clearing of the neurologic symptoms before or concurrently with healing of the skin lesions. Pain or altered nerve function persisting more than 30 days after the onset

Great Plantain

Gerard listed many ailments to be treated with Great Plantain ( of all the plantains the greatest is the best ). Among them, fluxes, issues, rheumes, and rottennesse, and for the bloudy flux , which is dysentery, and it is still used in Chinese herbal medicine for that complaint (Chinese medicinal herbs of Hong Kong), and plantain tea is still being recommended for diarrhoea (A W Hatfield). Jaundice is another ailment to be cured with plantain in modern times, but which had already appeared in a much earlier age. The treatment was known in folk medicine, in this case, in Cambridgeshire (Porter. 1969), but undoubtedly over a much wider area as well. The tea is still used for complaints as different as piles and asthma (A W Hatfield), and bronchitis can also be treated in this way. A leaf poultice was used for corns and ulcers (Vickery. 1995), and boils too (Stout), but that is a very old recipe - Reliquae Antiquae has take the rotes of red nettilles and playntayne, and stamp them wele...

General Test Chapter

The ESCOP was founded in 1989, and is the European umbrella organization of national associations for phytotherapy (ESCOP, 2001). Its general aims include the advancement of the scientific status of herbal medicinal products, and promotion of harmonization of their regulatory status within the European Union. ESCOP, which is made up of scientists from both academia and industry in Europe, has published herbal monographs for the European market. Approximately 60 herbal medicine monographs are now available in five fascicules. All drafted monographs have undergone an extensive review process and discussion prior to publication. The ESCOP monographs summarize the medicinal uses of plant drugs, with particular emphasis on their safety aspects, which is an area of prime importance for scientific harmonization In addition to the ESCOP monographs are the more familiar monographs of the German Commission E. The German Commission E monographs were prepared to facilitate the regulation and...

G390v F418s

Patients with inherited a-, hypo-, or hypercholinester-asemia generally have no signs or symptoms and can lead a healthy life. Gene diagnosis is used to distinguish between hypocholinesterasemia caused by the genetic factor or liver disease. If a muscle relaxant such as succinylcholine or mivacurium is injected in patients with low serum cholinesterase, BChE activity greater than 30 of normal is necessary to metabolize the drug safely. 1 If prolonged apnea has been caused by administration of succinylcholine or mivacurium, an injection of fresh plasma or refined BChE should be used immediately. Butyrylcholinesterase may also be used as a medicine to treat poisoning caused by cocaine or organophosphorus


The most important contribution of herbal medicine to the materia medica of the 18th century was foxglove. The purple foxglove, a rather common plant growing throughout the greater part of Europe, is not mentioned by the founding father of herbal medicine, Dioscorides, or in any of the ancient herbals. In the Middle Ages, Welsh physicians employed the foxglove for the preparation of external remedies. It was then known as foxes-glew or foxes-music, because of its resemblance to an ancient musical instrument consisting of bells hanging on an arch support. During the Renaissance, Leonhard Fuchs (1501- Withering began his career as a botanist, obtained his medical degree from Edinburgh, and settled to practice medicine at Edgbaston, near Birmingham. It is there that he discovered the diuretic properties of digitalis 1, 16 . His own description of the discovery provides a good sense of the contributions of herbal medicine and of clinical research of the period


A poultice of goose-grass is still advised for boils in Somerset (Tongue. 1965), and they use it in France for sores and blisters (C P Johnson). Gypsies say that an infusion drunk very hot last thing at night is a remedy for a cold in the head (Vesey-Fitzgerald). The tops have been used as a country spring drink (Grieve. 1931). That is probably what Evelyn meant when he said the tender shoots, with young nettle tops, were used in Lenten pottages (Evelyn. 1699). Another use for the plant is as a solvent of stone or gravel in the bladder (Quelch). It does actually act on the kidneys and bladder, and is mildly laxative (A W Hatfield). American Indians also used it for kidney and bladder trouble (H H Smith. 1945). Gypsies claim that goose-grass is a very ancient remedy for cancer (Vesey-Fitzgerald), and Thornton does record its use for tumours in the breast. It appears to be one of the ingredients of a recipe for abortion used among the gypsies of the former Yugoslavia (Clebert). Lastly,...


There is an extraordinary report from Norfolk about a man who had facial skin cancer. While waiting for treatment, a gypsy advised him to rub the cancer with the pith of a BANANA. It seems that the cancer was cleared up entirely by this means alone (V G Hatfield. 1994). Another strange case was that of a Cornish blacksmith, Ralph Barnes, in 1790. He was supposed to have cured himself of a cancer by taking immense quantities of HEMLOCK juice (Deane & Shaw) (primitive chemotherapy ). There is another East Anglian report that GREATER CELANDINE has been used to treat liver cancer there (V G Hatfield. 1994), and HERB ROBERT is still used by herbalists to treat skin cancer (Beith). Gypsies claim that GOOSE-GRASS is a very ancient remedy for the condition (Vesey-Fitzgerald). Thornton does record its use for tumours in the breast.

Ceterach officinarum

Range and habitat The rusty back fern, when happy, is a photogenic inhabitant of sunny walls and crumbly crevices throughout Britain, Europe, North Africa, the Caucasus, Russia, and the Himalayas. Even in good health the pinnae tend to roll ever so slightly inwards exposing the seasonally appropriate skirt of silver to rust-colored scales. It will, however, curl tightly when drought stressed fully exposing the protective and water-collecting scales of its undersides. When moisture re-enters the scales and consequently the pinnae, the fern rejuvenates as a fresh rosette.


(Crataegus monogyna) A sacred tree, treated as such long before Christian tradition associated it with the Crown of Thorns. It was said that the tree groans and sighs on Good Friday (Wilks). In some parts of France it was not unknown for mothers to kneel before the tree, and pray to it for a child's good health. If they lived a long way from the church, they would go and say their prayers to the tree (Devlin). In medieval times rosaries made of thorn wood were in great demand, and were treated as if they were jewels. But in Ireland particularly, ancient and


A total of 11 healthy male subjects (mean age, 28 years age range, 2039 years mean weight, 75,2 kg weight range, 64.9-89.4 kg) completed this study. Subjects were determined to be in good health by means of physical examination and standard clinical laboratory tests. They received no known prescription or nonprescription drugs for at least 2 weeks prior to participation and throughout the study period. Subjects fasted overnight for 12 h prior to each dose of azithromycin and for 4 h afterward.


CRC is a significant health care problem for which screening has been shown to be effective in improving health related outcomes related to this cancer, as well as to be cost-effective. Unfortunately, participation rates in screening programs have been disappointingly low. Given the availability of several good screening tests, it is incumbent on providers to educate their patients about the benefits of screening, and the test options. Efforts to remove barriers to screening should be supported.

Build a Healthy Base

Your body needs more than 40 nutrients and other substances for good health. No one food can give you all the nutrients your The ABCs of good health body needs, no matter how much you enjoy it or how nutritious the food is. By eating a wide variety of foods each day, you will keep your meals exciting and you will achieve the balance of nutrients that best ensures good health. (See page 11 for more information on the Food Guide Pyramid.)

Concluding remarks

Probably we must come to a pessimistic conclusion. Just to try to find a way to ameliorate the scenario, but without expecting to know the whole truth, it could be a reasonable proposal to extend as much as possible the Traditional Herbal Medicine Directive to give rules for most products. Furthermore, the application of this directive to herbal products will, probably, ameliorate the quality and safety level of these products. Herbals and herbal extracts, as a matter of fact, should be considered in a different way from food products because of their peculiarities. The main problem regarding herbal products is their safety. This fundamental aspect cannot be guaranteed by current food production rules (basic hygiene requirements plus the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points, HACCP, system). Generally speaking, a fundamental initial step to get a valid proof of safety (non-toxicity) regarding botanicals starts from a chemically defined raw material. To obtain a safe botanical...


Early diagnosis and treatment of hypothyroidism is the exception rather than the rule. Despite its high prevalence (1-3) and potential consequences, hypothyroidism is typically diagnosed in clinical settings at an advanced and often longstanding stage or is incidentally detected during a wide-ranging evaluation for nonspecific complaints. Even when hypothyroidism should be anticipated, such as in patients who have received neck irradiation (4) or amiodarone therapy (5), its recognition is often delayed. Only in neonates, for whom universal thyroid function testing is mandated in most industrialized societies, is hypothyroidism identified early and treated promptly. Application of the principles of preventive medicine to hypothyroidism has occurred slowly, except in the worldwide efforts to prevent dietary iodine deficiency disorders, including endemic goiter, hypo-thyroidism, and cretinism (6).

Herbal Supplements

The popularity of herbal products, those made from extracts of plants and believed to have medicinal properties, continues to increase. Americans spend 700 million a year on herbal remedies. The use of some plant remedies dates back thousands of years, and plant materials are the basis for many of our most helpful medications, including aspirin and morphine. Scientists continue to investigate and discover new medicinal uses for substances in plants (see sidebar Herbal Products, page 37). Even though some herbal remedies may show beneficial effects, most show little evidence of providing any health benefits. In fact, some may have serious health risks and may interfere with the action of some medicines. Because herbal products are considered dietary supplements rather than drugs, the FDA is limited in its ability to regulate these substances. Ongoing studies continue to investigate selected herbs for their safety and effectiveness, so that more information will be available to...


A decoction of HAWS, was traditionally taken in Scotland instead of tea or coffee, as a medicine for high blood pressure (Kourennoff), for it helps to prevent arteriosclerosis (Beith). Haws, in various preparations, have been used for angina pectoris both in Russia (Kourennoff) and in Germany, where it was said that the infusion in alcohol was the only effective cure for angina. LIME-FLOWER tea is another favourite, for it is reckoned to be a cure for arteriosclerosis, so improving the circulation, and being helpful for hypertension as well (M Evans). A cupful a day of dried RED CLOVER flowers, with alfalfa hay added, is taken for high blood pressure in parts of America, and raw CABBAGE, chopped fine and mixed with salt, pepper, vinegar and sugar, eaten once a day, was also said to bring blood pressure down (H M Hyatt). SWEET CICELY is also used in herbal medicine to lower blood pressure (Schauenberg & Paris), and MISTLETOE has long been used for the purpose (Grigson. 1955), always...


(Apium graveolens, which is Wild Celery Garden Celery is A graveolens 'Dulce'). Poisonous in its wild state, at least to cattle (Kingsbury. 1964) but blanching is the simple process that turns a poisonous plant into an edible one, though eating it will bring bad luck, at least according to Kentucky belief (Thomas & Thomas), but to dream of it is said to be a sign of robust good health (Raphael). On the other hand, it did appear, according to Graves, in an English formula for witches' flying ointment. Jacob says it was used by witches to prevent their getting cramp while flying. Why not Celery was quite a common medieval remedy for cramp, at least, the earthbound kind.


Dream books tell that dreaming of ALMONDS signifies a journey, its success or otherwise depending on whether it was sweet or bitter almonds that were being eaten (Dyer). GARLIC in dreams indicates either the discovery of hidden treasure, or the approach of some domestic quarrel, the one apparently dependent on the other. But to dream of garlic in the home is lucky (Gordon). Similarly with ONIONS dreaming that you are peeling them foretells domestic strife and impending sickness (Raphael), and if you are eating them it is a sign of finding some valuable treasure, just as dreaming of being in a TURNIP field is a sign of riches to come (Raphael), though the dream books were not unanimous about that. So too with POTATOES - if you dream of digging them, it is a good sign, provided, of course, plenty of them are dug if there are only few, then there is bad luck coming (Raphael). CABBAGES, too, seem to bring bad luck. To dream of cutting them is a sign that your wife, or husband, or lover as...


A Wiltshire name for MARIGOLDS is Measles-flowers it is said that children were warned that picking garden marigolds would give them measles (Dartnell & Goddard). The reason for the name, though, is likely to be just the opposite, for nearby, in Dorset, marigold tea and cider was given as a medicine (Dacombe), and in Scotland, too, though without the cider (Simpkins), there is a record from Suffolk, too (V G Hatfield. 1994). The marigold, it was said, helped to bring out the rash, which was what RED DEADNETTLE roots were reckoned to do, when boiled in milk for the children to drink (Vickery. 1995) (that was an Irish remedy), or CORIANDER, which is used in Chinese herbal medicine for that purpose (Geng Junying).


The seeds are still known to herbalists as an efficient indigestion remedy. A few seeds chewed before a meal always help (Conway), and they would be chewed to sweeten the breath, too (G B Foster). The whole plant is used in Chinese herbal medicine in the early stages of measles, to bring the rash out (Geng Junying). The juice, blown up the nostrils , was used to stop a nosebleed, and when mixed with violets, it was used to sober up a drunk (F J Anderson). The Anglo-Saxon version of Apuleius claimed an extraordinary use for coriander seeds. In translation, it reads in order that a wife may quickly bring forth, take seed eleven grains or thirteen, knit them with a thread on a clean linen cloth let then a person take them who is a person of maidenhood, a boy or a maiden, and hold this at the left thigh, near the natura, and as all parturition be done, remove away the leechdom, lest part of the inwards follow thereafter (Cockayne). So, according to Apuleius, it helps women in childbirth,...


Elsewhere, though, the yellow colour has a different meaning. On Tikopia, turmeric is daubed over mother and child soon after birth, as a mark of attention, or even of honour. It is used to single out individuals who are at the moment of special interest and importance (Firth). Yellow is a colour sacred to the gods in Samoa, so the gathering and processing of the roots became a religious ceremony, with its prescribed rites. Turmeric powder is used as a medicine, as well as a dye. Mixed with oil, it is rubbed on inflamed parts, especially over recent tattooing, to soothe the pain. It was used in Samoa as a dusting powder for babies (Buck). In the Marquesas it is used as an insect repellent, and in Java it is the commonest laxative in use (Geertz). But the best known use in medicine is pure doctrine of signatures, for it is very comonly prescribed for jaundice, and a long way from Polynesia, too. The Mano, of Liberia, for example, use it in this way. The patient has to drink daily a...


May also obtain some of these from a well-balanced diet. Exact dosages are not shown because they will vary depending on your particular body size, general health, and medical condition. Be sure to talk with your health care professional about how these nutrients will best maximize you and your partner's fertility.


Whether a vegetarian diet is as healthy as or healthier than one including meat is a source of much debate. It may seem that good health is a matter of one's own long-term self-interest, but some philosophers (e.g., Immanuel Kant*) have argued that we have duties to ourselves, others (e.g., Aristotle) that we must always strive to attain the virtuous (or morally decent) life. On both views, health (and thus a sound diet) is a precondition of being able to carry out these obligations and is therefore a matter of moral concern in the larger sense. Persons to whom we have responsibilities likewise have a stake in our health, as does society, which has an interest in our being productive, nonburdensome members. If a vegetarian diet were healthier, then it would be the one we should choose. Selected Bibliography. Akers, Keith, A Vegetarian Sourcebook (Arlington, VA Vegetarian Press, 1983) Amato, Paul R., and Sonia A. Partridge, The New Vegetarians Promoting Health and Protecting...

Emotional Issues

Few things in life rival the emotional and hormonal roller coaster that the fertility patient must endure. It's difficult enough to come to terms with the shocking diagnosis of infertility. Most women see infertility as a major life crisis and experience significant feelings of loss. Add to that the numerous doctor visits, various medications, multiple unpleasant tests and procedures, and perhaps also surgeries. The financial burden of paying for this medical care, most of which is not covered by your health insurance plan, can also add significant stress.

Ch oose Sensibly

Alcoholic beverages (beer, wine, and hard liquor) are a source of extra calories. When consumed in excess, alcohol can impair judgment, result in dependency, and lead to several serious health problems. However, evidence suggests that a moderate intake of alcohol is associated with a lower risk of disease of the heart and blood vessels (cardiovascular disease) in some individuals. Discuss the consumption of alcohol with your health care provider. (See sidebar Alcohol and Health, page 387.)


It has the usual balsam method of explosive seed distribution, hence names like Jumping Betty, or Jumping Jack (Parish), as well as Quick-in-the-hand, that is, alive in the hand (Prior). It has been used as an external application to get rid of corns and warts (McLeod), and a decoction is prescribed in herbal medicine to treat piles (Schauenberg & Paris).

Healthy Weight

However, your health care provider does want you to be at a reasonable and healthy weight. Before you become pregnant, you should try to be at a healthy weight. Being at a healthy weight makes it easier for you to conceive, because your metabolism and hormones are more likely to be in the proper balance.

The future

What about the near future As you can see, the regulatory framework in the various member states is quite different. It is likely that the Traditional Herbal Medicines From the point of view of the legal status of herbal products, the Food Supplements Directive would create a category of food supplements, with few herbals, in addition to vitamins or minerals alone as inserted in the attached positive list. The Traditional Herbal Medicine Directive will apply to a restricted number of herbal medicines, having the characteristics of being considered traditionally used. For the major part of herbal products, not covered by the directives, the scenario in the near future seems to be still undefined. A radical ban on all the products not qualified as food supplements or traditional herbal medicines is probably not feasible because of their large number.

Biting Stonecrop

In country medicine, the root is the only part still used, being rich in tannin (20 ). It is said to be the best herbal medicine for a sore throat (Conway), and, of course, being so rich in tannin, the root is a strong astringent ( one of the best astringents in the world was Hill's opinion), great for diarrhoea (Fluck), and it was used for staunching wounds, and internal haemorrhages. The root doth glew wounds together (Langham). As an astringent, it is still used as a mouthwash (V G Hatfield. 1994). The infusion of the dried herb is used in Russian folk medicine for jaundice (Kourennoff). And it was used in Scotland, too, for urinary complaints (Beith). The root is regarded as a sure cure for incontinence (Mitton & Mitton). Gypsies use it for diphtheria (Vesey-Fitzgerald), and bistort tea is drunk in Cumbria to get rid of a headache (Newman & Wilson). There were old recipes for snakebite, but they were doctrine of signatures, from the twisted roots. Bistort is from the Latin bis,...


The medieval versions of the word are siethes, sieves or sithes, still present in local forms. Predictably, Gerard was not impressed with chives as food, for, he said they attenuate or make thin, open, provoke urine, ingender hot and grosse vapors, and are hurtfull to the eyes and brain. They cause troublesome dreames , yet of them , Lupton recorded a few decades later, prepared by the art of the Alchymist,, may be made an excellent Remedy for the stoppage of urine . One cannot help wondering what he had in mind in requiring the services of an alchemist in making a herbal medicine.

Diet and Nutrition

How many calories a woman needs depends on several factors, such as your body type, general health, and level of physical activity. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), the average woman needs about 2,200 calories per day. Once you become pregnant, you need approximately 300 more calories each day to stay healthy and help the fetus grow.


Phase I studies often include healthy subjects between 18 and 65 years old, and groups are balanced for sex and racial distribution. General exclusionary criteria are written to prevent the enrollment of subjects that are not in good health (e.g., those with evidence of underlying diseases, abnormalities, or organ impairment). Subjects are excluded if they have participated in a study with another investiga-tional agent in the recent past or have known allergies to any of the components in the formulation of the new chemical entity or to any of the related class of compounds. Specific exclusionary criteria that are related to safety concerns may vary with the compound being studied. These specific exclusionary criteria are likely to arise due to the compound's mechanism of action (e.g., subjects with flu-like symptoms for an interferon-like drug are excluded as endogenous levels of interferon are elevated during the flu). Exclusionary criteria may also be related to preclinical...


Aside from those mixes selected for specific soil requirements, normal, good draining, rich fern compost, with an emphasis on compost, will keep the container and contents in good health for many years. If you do not already have a favorite mix, try one part peat, one part washed pumice, a sprinkling of bark for drainage, and four parts compost or commercial soil mix. It is important to give the pumice a fierce hosing to wash away the talclike fines that will otherwise bind the soil and rob the container of life-giving oxygen pockets. Beware of an excess of peat, too, as once dry it is incredibly difficult to rehydrate. More than once I have seen pots soaking in improvised bathtubs for rehab.

Fitness Wellness For You

Fitness Wellness For You

Achieve the Fitness and Wellness for You that you have always wanted by learning the facts so you can take the right steps to maximize your health. Learn How to Achieve Real Fitness and Wellness for a Healthy Body, Mind and Spirit to Improve Your Quality of Life in Today's World. Receive Valuable Information to Discover What Really Matters and What Actually Works in Finding Genuine Wholeness for All Aspects of Your Being.

Get My Free Ebook