Valerenic acid

Fig. 47. Nardostachys chinensis L.

concentration-dependent manner, possibly by amplifying both the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase-dependent and -independent signaling pathways of dbcAMP and staurosporine. Nardosinone stimulates a downstream step of MAP kinase in the MAP kinase-dependent signaling pathway (39). Note that the pharmacological potentials of this plant for GABAergic properties are unexplored.

Nardostachys jatamansi DC. (Nardostachys grandiflora DC.), or spikenard, jatamansi (Sanskrit), jatamansi (Hindi), jatamanshi (Malayalam), jatamashi (Tamil); kan sung shiang or ku mi che (Chinese), is a perennial herb that grows to a height of 60 cm in the Himalayas (from 3000 to 5000 m), Punjab, and Bhutan. The stem is erect, pubescent, and develops from an aromatic rhizome. The flowers are pinkish-blue and arranged in terminal globose cymes (Fig. 48).

Fig. 48. Nardostachys jatamansi DC.

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