References

De alimentorum facultatibus, Lib. I, cap. 34, De simplicium medicamento-rum temperamentis ac facultatibus, Lib VII, cap. 10 edit. Kuhn, Lipsiae, 1826. 2. O'Shaughnessy, W. B. On the preparations of the Indian Hemp, or Gunjah (cannabis indica) their effects on the animal system in health, and their utility in the treatment of tetanus and other convulsive diseases. Provincial Medical Journal and Retrospect on the Medical Sciences, London, 1843 5 343-398. 3. Hasrat J A, De Bruyne T, De...

Medicinal Annonaceae

The evidence for the existence of anticancer agents in the family Annonaceae is strong and it seems likely that further research on this taxa will lead to the discovery of antineoplastic agents. Among the families of flowering plants, Annonaceae are particularly interesting in the field of oncology because this family elaborates a surprisingly broad array of secondary metabolites, which abrogate the survival of mammalian cells, including acetogenins, styryl-lactones, and isoquinoline alkaloids....

Medicinal Lamiaceae

There is an increasing body of evidence to suggest that flavonoids and diterpenes of Lamiaceae might be of value as source of original antagonists of the GABAergic neurotransmission. Flavonoids in particular possess partial allosteric modulatory action at the GABAa receptor complex and, therefore, constitute a possibly promising group of naturally occurring agents for the treatment of anxiety disorders. Huen et al. made the interesting discovery that 2'-hydroxyl substitution is a critical...

Medicinal Rubiaceae

The family Rubiaceae consists of about 450 genera and 6500 species of tropical and subtropical trees, shrubs, climbers, and herbs that are known to abound with iri-doid glycosides (monoterpenoid alkaloids, tannins, and anthraquinones). When looking for Rubiaceae in field collection, one is advised to look for plants with opposite simple leaves with an interpetiolar stipule, tubular flowers, which are often white, and capsules, berries, or drupes. The contribution of Rubiaceae to Western...

Picrotoxinin GABAergicantagonist

Examples of GABAergic natural products from flowering plants. GABAergic presynaptic inhibition of excitatory transmission of primary afferent neurones of the spinal cord resulting in epileptiform convulsions, myosis, and dyspnea with more or less prolonged apnea. One of the most spectacular applications in this field is the development of a GABAa receptor agonist the benzodiaxepine. About 15 types of benzodiazepine derivatives are currently available in the United States and marketed...

Index

Sm., dopaminergic effects, 116, 117 Acanthopanax ricinifolius Seem., dopaminergic effects, 117, 119 Acanthopanax trifoliatus (L.) Merr., dopaminergic effects, 117 3-Acetylaltholactone, apoptosis induction, 199 1-O-Acetylbritannilatone, nitric oxide synthase inhibition, 40 Acriopsis javanica Reinw., GaBAergic effects, 101 Acronycine, topoisomerase inhibition, 175 Actinodaphnine, topoisomerase inhibition, 163 Alchornea rugoa (Lour.) Muell. Arg., topoisomerase...

Medicinal Rutaceae

The family Rutaceae consists of 150 genera and 1500 species of treelets known to accumulate essential oils (limonene), limonoids, flavonoids (hesperidin), coumarins, and several sorts of alkaloids including, notably, carbazole and acridone alkaloids. The cardinal features to note in field collection are lemon-like aroma of crushed leaves, a blade dotted with several translucent oil glands, white flowers with retrorse petals and conspicuous globose and light green stigma, and green lemon-like...

Molephantinin

In Burma, a decoction of the aerial parts is drunk to treat irregular menses. In China, the plant is eaten as a salad and is a believed to improve general health. In several Southeast Asian countries the plant is used to break fevers and prompt urination. In Fig. 107. Elephantopus mollis. Flora of Malaya. FRI No 2171. Geographical localization Fraser's Hill Pahang. Hillside near a stream. 10 15 1966. RM Kochummen. Det 7 1974, Leiden. Fig. 107. Elephantopus mollis. Flora of Malaya. FRI No 2171....

Macaranga Densiflora Biological Activity

Sung HW, Reynolds MC, Nan JS, Cassady JM, Snapka RM. Inhibition of topoiso-merase II by liriodenine. Biochem Pharmacol 1997 54 467-473. 2. Sagen AL, Sahpaz S, Mavi S, Hostettmann K. Isoquinoline alkaloids from Artabotrys brachypetalus. Biochem Syst Ecol 2003 31 1447-1449. 3. Wu YC, Chen CH, Yang TH, et al. Cytotoxic aporphines from Artabotrys uncinatus and the structure and stereochemistry of artacinatine. Phytochemistry 1989 28 2191-2195. 4. Wijeratne EMK, Gunatilaka AAL, Kingston DGI,...

Hydroxy3methoxybenzaldehyde

Calanthe Society

Acriopsis javanica Reinw. is an epiphyte orchid that grows in Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Papua New Guinea. The pseudobulbs are 5 X 1.5 cm and develop thick roots. Each pseudobulb produces three leaves, which are linear and 25 cm X 9 mm. The influorescences are 60 long and branched panicles. The flowers are 7 mm long and pale purple (Fig. 56). Malays drink a decoction of the whole plant that is used to reduce fever. In Indonesia, the juice expressed from the pseudobulbs is...

Medicinal Araliaceae

The traditional systems of medicine of Asia and the Pacific use about 50 species of plant species classified within the family Araliaceae that are of medicinal value and notably used as tonic. Examples od such plants are of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer (ginseng), Panax notoginseng Burk. (san chi ginseng), Panax japonicus C. A. Meyer (Japanese ginseng), and Acanthopanax senticosus (Siberian ginseng). The evidence for the existence of immunostimulating and anabolic saponins in Panax and Acanthopanax...

Sch 71450

Is Cassytha filiformis L. holding some potential as a source of drugs for the treatment of Parkinson's disease Cryptocarya griffithiana Wight is a tree that grows to a height of 20 m in the lowland rainforests of Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Indonesia. The stems are stout and covered with a rusty tomentum. The leaves are simple, spiral, exstipulate, leathery, elliptic, and up to 32 cm long. The fruits are globose, glossy, and green Fig. 76 . The bark of this plant has the...

Medicinal Sapindaceae

The family Sapindaceae consists of 140 genera and 1500 species of trees widespread in tropical and subtropical regions. Classic examples of Sapindaceae are the fruit trees Nephelium lappaceum L. and Litchi chinensis Sonn., which provide rambutan and litchi, respectively. Chemically Sapindaceae are well known to abound with saponins and tannins. An example of ornamental Sapindaceae is Koelreuteria paniculata L., or golden rain tree, cultivated in temperate regions. The berries of Sapindus...

H3Co Och Hydrastine

Aconitum fischeri Reichb., or fischer's monkshood, American aconite, bao ye wu tou, or wu tou Chinese , is an herb that grows to a height of 1.6 m tall in China, Korea, Russia, and the Rocky Mountain region of the United States. The stem is erect and pubescent at apex. The leaves are orbicular 8-12 X 12-15 cm and deeply three- to five-lobed. The flowers are arranged in racemes, deep blue color, 8 mm long, with a spur that is slightly circinate. The fruits are 1.4 cm long follicles Fig. 77 . The...

Anti Inflammatory Plants

Ocimum Sanctum

Inflammation is a dynamic process that is elicited in response to mechanical injuries, burns, microbial infections, and other noxious stimuli that may threaten the well-being of the host. This process involves changes in blood flow, increased vascular permeability, destruction of tissues via the activation and migration of leucocytes with synthesis of reactive oxygen derivatives oxidative burst , and the synthesis of local inflammatory mediators, such as prostaglandins PGs , leukotrienes, and...