Preference And Motivation Testing

In a preference test, experimenters give animals a choice of two or more different options or environments and then monitor the animals' behavior to determine which alternative they select. Preference testing has been used in many ways in animal welfare* research. Animals' preferences have been established for air temperature, for type and level of light, and for common materials used in cage or pen design. The methods have also been used to assess how strongly animals seek to avoid aspects of...

Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869-1948) was a world statesman, pacifist, and vegetarian. Reading Henry Salt's* A Plea for Vegetarianism and Howard Williams's The Ethics of Diet reinforced his ethical vegetarianism* on his first visit to England in 1887. Thereafter Gandhi became a committed vegetarian ''by choice,'' and this commitment was deepened through his conversion to the Hindu (see RELIGION, Hinduism) philosophy of ahimsa, nonviolence or noninjury, which became fundamental to his religious...

Animal Rights Movement1

The first animal rights* movement began well over 100 years ago in England. The early movement was primarily antivivisectionist (see ANTIVIVI- 1Adapted from Animals' Agenda, July August 1996. SECTIONISM) and inspired protests, legislative reforms, antivivisectionist hospitals, and a broad base of support. Earlier humane leaders and antivi-visectionists worked together, but by 1910 humane leaders withdrew from criticizing institutional cruelties such as vivisection. Although humane societies and...

Appendix Resources on Animal Welfare and Humane Education

This is a representative list1 of organizations that provide humane education materials directly pertaining to animals or that have information materials related to animal welfare available, either for the asking or for a fee. Space does not allow a complete listing of organizations extensive lists of international organizations are available from many of the organizations listedhere. Nearly all of the curricular and activity materials listedhere are sold, even if they are underwritten by a...